The University of Western Australia

UWA Staff Profile

Ipsum Lorem

Professor Caroline Baillie

Adjunct Professor
Academic Staff (Civil, Environmental and Mining Engineering)

Contact details
Academic Staff (Civil, Environmental and Mining Engineering)
The University of Western Australia (M015)
35 Stirling Highway
+61 8 6488 3137
DEng Sur.
Caroline is Chair of Engineering Education at UWA, Perth and has previously held appointments at the University of Sydney, Imperial College, UK and Queens University, Canada. Beginning her academic career in materials engineering, she has also gained qualifications, expertise and experience in education and social science and she now works at the juncture between these disciplines as well as between theory and practice. Caroline is particularly interested in ways in which engineering can help to create solutions for the environment as well as social problems. In 2006 she founded the not for profit organisation, Waste for Life (, which uses composites materials knowledge to co-create income streams for marginalised populations in different parts of the Global South. She also founded the Engineering, Social Justice and Peace network ( Caroline is a Thomson Reuters Highly cited materials science author, with over 200 publications, papers and books on green materials, engineering education and engineering and social justice.
Key research
Engineering education
Engineering and social Justice
Mining and community engagement
Waste recycling and informal workers
Sample publications (citations/impact factor in brackets where available data exists)

1. S.J. Eichhorn, C. A. Baillie, Zafieropoulos, L.Y. Mwaikambo and M.P. Ansell, A. Dufresne, K.M. Entwistle, P.J. Herrera-Franco and G.C. Escamilla, Groom, L., M. Hughes and C. Hill, T.G. Rials, P.M. Wild, A Review of Some Current International Research Into Cellulosic fibres and Composites (2001) J.Mat Sci.36 2107-2131 (527/2.1)

This paper has been highly cited due to its timeliness in collating/critiquing relevant work on sustainable natural alternatives to fiberglass materials. My group was one of the first in the world to explore natural fibre composites, and we hosted conferences and published special issues, which inspired this important overview to launch the field.

2. Zafeiropoulos, N. E., Williams, D. R., Baillie, C. A., and Matthews, F.L., (2001) ‘Engineering and Characterisation of the Interface in Flax fibre/polypropylene: Part I: Development and Investigation of Surface Treatments’, Composites Part A 33 p1083-1093 (191/3.45).

To improve the properties of these sustainable natural fibre composites, surface treatments for flax fibres were developed and investigated, one of which significantly improved interfacial and overall mechanical properties of the material.

3.Stamboulis, A., Baillie, C., Peijs, T., (2001) Effects of environmental conditions on mechanical and physical properties of flax fibres, Composites Part A – Applied Science and Manufacturing Vol 32, 8 pp 1105-1115 (137/3.45)

This paper presented our work on environmental conditioning of natural fibre composites, a critical challenge in gaining acceptance of this category of materials in construction and automotive industries.

4. Singleton, A., Baillie, C., Beaumont, P., and Peijs, T., (2003) ‘On the mechanical properties, deformation and fracture of a natural fibre/recycled polymer composites’ Composites Part B: Engineering, Volume 34, Issue 6, 1, September p 519-526 (132/2.65).

A key study in developing natural fibre composites from waste plastic. Novel composites were manufactured for the first time from waste and were found to have significantly improved performance compared with previously known methods.

*5. Baillie, C., Engineers within a local and global society (2006) Morgan and Claypool Publishers, Engineers, Technology and Society series (29)

This book launched the popular series of monographs, ‘Engineers, Technology and Society’, which is ever growing and used by many scholars and educators who are at the intersection of engineering and social / environmental studies.

*6. Pritchard, J and Baillie, C (2006) How can engineering education contribute to a sustainable future? European Journal of Engineering Education, Vol. 31, No. 5 /October pp. 555 – 565 (35)

An important study of Science and Technology Studies (STS) in North America and Europe, as it influences engineering education and sustainable development, in relation to interplay between public participation, politics and policy, and citizenship.

*7.Kabo. J, Baillie, C., (2009) ‘Seeing through the lens of social justice: a threshold of engineering’, in Baillie, C., Bernhard, J., (eds) Special issue ‘Engineering Education Research’ European Journal Engineering Education (Vol. 34, issue 4) 2009 (31)

Emerging from the field of Engineering and social justice, first developed by CI Baillie’s group in Canada, this study of student learning presents a novel methodology combining phenomenography, threshold concepts and critical pedagogy.

*8. Meyer, JHF, Land, R., Baillie, C., (2010) Threshold concepts and transformational learning, Sense Publishers, 2010 (44)

Third in the series of seminal texts on threshold concepts, this volume, relating threshold concepts to transformational learning, collates important work presented at the Canadian Threshold Concept conference hosted by CI Baillie in 2008.

*9. Baillie, C., Bowden, J.A., Meyer, E., (2013) Threshold Capabilities: threshold concepts and knowledge capability linked through variation theory Higher Education 65 (2013) (2), 227-246 (12/1.3)

Resulting from critical collaboration between key players in the field of threshold concepts, capability and variation theory, this work represents the merging of two important schools of thought in Higher Education.

*10.Randika Jayasinghe, Toni Smythe, Usman Mushtaq, Caroline Baillie (2013)
The Garbage Crisis: A Global Challenge for Engineers, Morgan and Claypool publishers (3)

A critical view of waste from a sustainable engineering perspective, with examples from the Global North and South including a Foulcauldian Discourse Analysis of a waste dump in Indigenous Canada. This book, filling a gap in much needed critical studies of engineering practice, was one of four produced by my research team over a two year period.

Roles, responsibilities and expertise
Cofounding director of Engineering, Communities and Environment Critical Mass Research Group
Director of FASE (Faculty Academy for the Scholarship of Education)
Future research
Waste recycling for community development in Sri Lanka
Mining and community engagement
Indigenous knowledge and engineering education
Funding received
Most recent: 1,029,992 from Department Foreign Affairs and Trade Global Partners for Development 2014 Australian-Sri Lankan Waste for Life program
French working knowledge
Spanish working knowledge
Fellow Institute Materials, Minerals and Mining UK,
Fellow Royal Society Arts and Manufacture UK
Previous positions
Chair of Engineering Education Research and Development at Queens University, Kingston, Ontario, where she was also cross appointed into Chemical Engineering, Sociology and Women's studies.
Formerly lecturer at Imperial College, UK and the University of Sydney, as well as Deputy Director of the Materials Subject centre, part of the Learning and Teaching support network in the UK.
A Critical Theory of Technological Development (broadening elective unit) ENSC2601
Global Challenges in Engineering (first year core unit) ENSC1001
Founding Director of FASE Faculty Academy for the Scholarship of Education: professional staff development in areas related to teaching and learning
Current external positions
Editor International Journal Engineering, Social Justice and Peace
Advisory Board Journal Engineering Education
Executive committee Engineering Social Justice and Peace
Director Waste for Life Inc US
Director Critical Stage Co. UK
Useful links
Waste for Life
Engineering Social Justice and Peace
Current projects
Waste for Life Sri Lanka
Mining and Community engagement in Peru
Research profile
Research profile and publications

The University of Western Australia

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Last updated:
Tuesday, 3 November, 2015 2:39 PM