The University of Western Australia

UWA Staff Profile

Ipsum Lorem

Hilda Tubex

Dr Hilde Tubex

Future Fellow
Law School

Contact details
Law School
The University of Western Australia (M253)
35 Stirling Highway
+61 8 6488 2200
+61 8 6488 7918
Room 279, Old Economics and Commerce Building, Crawley campus
In 2011 I received an ARC Future Fellowship for four years to work on the project: “Reducing imprisonment rates in Australia: International experiences, marginal populations and a focus on the over-representation of Indigenous people.” (FT100100627). I joined the Law School on 1st August 2011. I published on my FF on topics as comparative criminological research, Indigenous overrepresentation and different penal cultures within Australia.

I am currently working on a Criminological Research Grant on “Building an Effective Community-Based Throughcare Approach for Aboriginal Offenders in Australia” and an ARC Linkage Grant on “Aboriginal & Non Aboriginal Sex Offenders in Australia – Assessing Risk for Practice & Policy”. I am also a co-investigator on a Telethon Kids Institute project on a “Prolific Offender Study – Developmental Pathways Project”.

In the period 2007-2011, I worked for the Department of Corrective Services as Team Leader, Research and Evaluation. As Team Leader, I developed the research priorities, coordinated and supervised the work done by the team members or by external consultants and conducted some own research. Another important part the job was to advise the Research an Evaluation Committee that manages and oversees all internal and external DCS related research and evaluations.

Before migrating to Australia in 2007, I had been employed for 15 years as a researcher and, after getting my PhD in criminology, also as a lecturer at the Department of Criminology of the Free University of Brussels. I combined my work at the university with other, external, expert assignments. As a result of my international experience in the area of parole, the management of long-term and life-sentenced prisoners and the treatment of sex offenders, I was appointed as an expert to the Council of Europe (CoE) in these areas. Between 2000 and 2007 worked regularly for the CoE and took part in a number of projects in Central and Eastern Europe. Since 1999 I had been substitute assessor on the Belgian parole board, as an expert on the implementation of sentences, and regularly acted as such. I was a member of a prison supervision board, and later of the Central Inspectorate of Prisons, until I had to leave for reasons of incompatibility with work I was then undertaking for the cabinet as an expert adviser. I was employed for two years (2005-2003) on a part time basis as an adviser on penal policy to the Belgian minister of Justice.
Key research
My fields of expertise are mainly in penal policy and penology (prison research), especially in an international comparative context, and Indigenous people and the criminal justice system.
In a series of research projects I worked on such topics as long-term imprisonment, parole, violence in prisons, sex offenders,the organization and evaluation of welfare and treatment services for prisoners, female offenders,recidivism and Indigenous overrepresentation.
Book chapters
­TUBEX, H. (2013) Pitfalls of comparative (penological) research and how to overcome them. In BEYENS, K, CHRISTIAENS, C, CLAES, B, DE RIDDER S, TOURNEL, H & TUBEX, H (eds) The pains of doing criminological research. Brussels: VUBPress: 195-215.
TUBEX, H. & STRYPSTEIN, J., Is de calvarietocht van de rechter inzake strafuitvoering ten einde? (the (last) temptation of the judge of the implementation of sentences?) in, CHRISTIAENS, J., ENHUS, E., NUYTIENS, A., SNACKEN, S. & VAN CALSTER, P. (eds.), VUBPress Criminologie: tussen kritiek en realisme, Liber Amicorum Christian Eliaerts. VUBPress, 2007: 295-318.
­TUBEX, H. & STRYPSTEIN, J., Grasduinen in penitentiaire bronnen en statistieken (Browsing through penitentiary data), in E., DEVROE, K., BEYENS, E., ENHUS (ed.) Zwart op wit? Duiding van cijfers over onveiligheid en strafrechtsbedeling in België, VUBPRESS, Brussel, 2006: 321-357.
­TUBEX, H., Zorgen voor gedetineerden (Taking care of prisoners), in, VERBRUGGEN, F., VERSTRAETEN, R., VAN DAELE, D., Strafrecht als roeping. Liber Amicorum Lieven Dupont, Samenleving, Criminaliteit en strafrechtspleging n. 31A, Universitaire Pers Leuven, 2005: 59-583.
­SNACKEN, S., BEYENS, K. & TUBEX, H., Adult corrections in Belgium, in WINTERDYK, J. (ed.), Adult corrections : international systems and perspectives, Criminal Justice Press, Monseley, NY, 2004: 21-54.
­BEYENS, K. & TUBEX, H., Gedetineerden geteld, (The number of prisoners calculated) in SNACKEN, S., Strafrechtelijk beleid in beweging, VUB Press, 2002 : 139-177.
­SNACKEN, S. & TUBEX, H., De penitentiaire wereld onderzocht (An investigation into the world of the penitentiary), in BEYENS, K., GOETHALS, J., PONSAERS, P. & VERVAEKE, G., Criminologie in actie, Brussel, Politeia, 2002: 379-409.
­SNACKEN, S., BEYENS, K., TUBEX, H., RAES, A. & DE PAUW, W., Bestraffing als maatschappelijke constructie (Punishment as a social construction), in BOUVERNE-DE BIE, M., KLOECK, K., MEYVIS, W., ROOSE, R. & VANACKER, J. (eds.), Handboek Forensisch Welzijnswerk, Gent, Academia Press, 2002: 381-416.
­TUBEX, H., Dangerousness and risk. From Belgian positivism to new penology, in HUTTON, N. & TATA, C. (eds.), Sentencing & Society: international perspectives, 2002: 452-468.
­TUBEX, H., Van gevaarlijke misdrijfplegers naar langgestraften, (From dangerous criminals to long-term prisoners), in Snacken, S., Strafrechtelijk beleid in beweging, VUB Press, 2002: 239-269.
­TUBEX, H., Le dernier echelon de l’echelle (The last step on the sentencing ladder), in COLLECTIF “OCTOBRE 2001”, Comment sanctionner le crime?, Toulouse, Editions Erès, Coll. Trajets 2002: 83-102.
­TUBEX, H., Politique pénale en Belgique, répression sélective : “sexe, drogue et violence” (Penal policy in Belgium : sex drugs and violence), in MARY, Ph., & PAPATHEODOROU, Th., Délinquance et insécurité en Europe. Vers une pénalisation du social ou une nouvelle modèle de justice?, Actes des 2° et 3° séminaires du Groupe Européen de recherches sur la justice pénale tenus à Corfou du 5 au 7 octobre 1998 et du 3 au 5 juin 1999, Bruxelles, Bruylant, 2001: 143-162.
­TUBEX, H., Seksuele delinquentie doorheen de strafprocessus (Sexual delinquency throughout the penal process), in DILLEN, C. & COSYNS, P. (eds.), Behandeling van seksuele delinquenten in België, Garant, Leuven, Apeldoorn, 2000: 9-42.
­TUBEX, H. & SNACKEN S., et al., Bouwstenen voor een coherent herstel- en slachtoffergericht justitiebeleid (Keys for a coherent reparation and victim oriented judicial policy), in VAN DONINCK B., VAN DAELE, L & NAJI, A. (eds.), Het recht op het rechte pad?, Antwerpen-Apeldoorn, Maklu-DWTC, 1999: 117-165.
­TUBEX, H. & SNACKEN S., et al. Bouwstenen voor een coherent herstel- en slachtoffergericht justitiebeleid (Keys for a coherent restorative justice and victim oriented judicial policy), K.U.L in cooperation with VUB en U.Lg., Leuven, 1998: 48-55.
­TUBEX, H. & SNACKEN S., Sélectivité & Dualisation, l’évolution des longues peines de prison (Bifurcation and selectivity, the evolution of long term prison sentences), in FAUGERON, C., CHAUVENET, A. & COMBESSIE, Ph. (eds.), Approches de la prison, Bruxelles, De Boeck, collection perspectives criminologiques, 1996: 221-243.
­TUBEX, H. & SNACKEN S., Punitiviteit in Nederland, teloorgang van een voorbeeld? Langgestraften en gevaarlijke gedetineerden in internationaal perspectief (Punitiveness in the Netherlands, loss of a model? Long-term and dangerous prisoners in an international perspective), in MOERINGS, M., Hoe punitief is Nederland, Gouda Quint bv. Arnhem, 1994: 331-347.

Peer reviewed articles
KELLY, M & TUBEX, H (2015) Stemming the tide of Aboriginal incarceration, University of Notre Dame Australia Law Review, 17 (1): 1-18 :
TUBEX, H. BROWN, D., FREIBERG, A., GELB, K. & SARRE R. (2015) Penal Diversity in Australia, Punishment & Society, 17(3)
TUBEX, H. (2015) Reach and Relevance of Prison Research, International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 4(1)
TUBEX, H. (2014) Contemporary Penal Policies. In Oxford Handbooks Online. New York: Oxford University Press;jsessionid=F33585937E8022BA98D5BFB762C3B7C3,
­TUBEX, H., (2013) The revival of comparative criminology in a globalised world: Local variances and Indigenous over-representation. International Journal for Crime, Justice and Social Democracy, 2013, 2(3) ISSN 2202-8005­
TUBEX H (2013) Dimensies van punitiviteit. (Dimentions of punitiveness), Fatik, 61: 5-12.
TUBEX, H., Halen we met het ‘evidence based model’ het paard van troje binnen? (Do we introduce the Trojan Horse with the ‘evidence based model’?), in DE WREE, E., DEVROE, E., BROER, W., VAN DER LAAN, P. (Eds), Evidence Based Policing, Cahiers Politiestudies, 2010, 4: 69-84.
­TUBEX, H & HOUCHIN, R., Opportunities for restorative justice in the contemporary penal climate. In Gunther Moor, L., Peters, T., Ponsaers, P., Shapland, J, van Stokkem, B. (Eds.), Restorative Policing. Journal of Police Studies, Volume 2009/2, n° 11, Maklu, Antwerpen-Apeldoorn-Portland, 2009: 189-204.
­TUBEX, H., L'exécution de la peine privative de liberté à l'ombre des victimes: bilan de la brèche ouverte par la procédure de libération conditionnelle (Implementation of prison sentences with regard to the victim: evaluation of the breakthrough made by the parole procedure), Revue de droit de l’ULB, 2005, vol. 31, n° 1: 281-306.
­TUBEX, H. & VAN CAMP, T., De implementatie van het Strategisch Plan in de gevangenis: it takes two to tango (The implementation of a Strategic Plan on welfare for prisoners, it takes two to tango), De orde van de dag, 31, september 2005: 49-53.
­TUBEX, H., Juryrechtspraak in cijfers (The work of the jury in figures), De orde van de dag, 25, maart 2004: 91-98.
­STRYPSTEIN, J. & TUBEX, H., De voorlopige invrijheidstelling onderzocht (An analysis of the early release system), Tijdschrift voor veiligheid en veiligheidsbeleid, 2, juni 2004: 56-58.
­TUBEX, H., De juridische en strafrechtelijke bemoeienis met plegers van seksueel geweld / misbruik : een overzicht van de Belgische en Nederlandse situatie (Legal and criminal involvement with perpetrators of sexual violence / abuse: an overview of the situation in Belgium and the Netherlands), Tijdschrift voor Seksuologie, 2002, 1 : 105-114; Klinische Psychologie, 2002, 1-2: 146/159.
­SNACKEN, S., & TUBEX, H., Libération conditionnelle et opinion publique (Parole and the public opinion), Revue de Droit Pénal et de Criminologie, 1999, 5: 33-52.
­TUBEX, H. & SNACKEN S., Straffen en behandelen : evolutie van de aanpak van seksuele delinquentie (Treatment and punishment : evolution of the penal approach to sex offenders), Panopticon, 1998, 4: 287-310.
­TUBEX, H., De positie van het slachtoffer in de nieuwe wet op de voorwaardelijke invrijheidstelling (The victims position with regard to the new law on conditional release), De orde van de dag, 1998, 4: 43-51.
­SNACKEN, S., BEYENS, K. & TUBEX, H., Changing prison populations in the Western countries : fate or policy?, European Journal of Crime, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice, 1995, 1: 18-53.
­TUBEX, H. & SNACKEN S., L'évolution des longues peines, aperçu international et analyse des causes (The evolution of long term imprisonment. An international overview), Déviance et Société, 1995, 2: 103-126.

Other contributions to a refereed journal
TUBEX, H., Het curieuze succes van Justice Reinvestment (The curious success of Justice Reinvestment), Panopticon, 2010, 6: 80-83.
TUBEX, H., De werking van de voorwaardelijke invrijheidstelling aan de vooravond van een nieuwe regelgeving (Analysis of the parole system on the eve of a new law), Panopticon, 2007, 1: 68-73.
TUBEX, H., What works in Belgium. Behandeling in strafrechtelijke context – verslag van een studiedag (What works in Belgium. Treatment in a penal context – report on a conference), Panopticon, 27, 2006, 6: 88-96.
TUBEX, H. & STRYPSTEIN, J., Veel gedetineerden, weinig cijfers (Many prisoners, little data), Criminografische basisinformatie, Panopticon, 2004, 1: 112-120.
TUBEX, H., De zoektocht naar penitentiaire gegevens anno 2000 (Searching for prison data anno 2000) Criminografische basisinformatie, Panopticon, 2001, 2: 203-208.
TUBEX, H., Overzicht van de penitentiaire statistieken (Overview of prison statistics), Criminografische basisinformatie, Panopticon, 2000, 1: 90-92.
TUBEX, H., Mijmeringen bij de inhoud van de strafuitvoering (Reflections on the content of the implementation of sentences), Panopticon, 1996, 4: 392-397.
TUBEX, H., Afschaffing van de doodstraf (Abolition of the death penalty), Panopticon, 1995, 4: 337-340.
BEYENS, K., SNACKEN, S. & TUBEX, H., Gevangeniswezen en magistratuur. Overbevolking en strafrechtelijk beleid (Prisons and the judiciary. Overcrowding and penal policy), Panopticon, 1994, 4: 339-358.

Non refereed articles
TUBEX, H., Evidence based werken in een correctionele praktijk: lessons to learn from down under? (Evidence based working in a correctional practice: lessons to learn from down under?) FATIK, 2011, 131: 18-23.
TUBEX, H., Sex offender policies in five countries, ESC, Newsletter of the European Society of Criminology, Vol. 5, n° 1, March 2006 : 3, 16-19.
TUBEX, H., Internering : vooruitgang aan het tempo van de processie van Echternach (Internment, progression at the tempo of the procession of Echternach), Ad Rem, Tijdschrift van de Orde van Vlaamse Balies, 3, 2005 : 40-48.
STRYPSTEIN, J. & TUBEX, H., De voorlopige invrijheidstelling : theorie en praktijk (Early release, theory and practice), Fatik, nr. 102, 2004 : 5-10.
TUBEX, H., De aanbevelingen van de Raad van Europa inzake de voorwaardelijke invrijheidstelling en (levens)lang gestraften in detentie (the CoE recommandation on prisoners serving long-term or life sentences), Fatik, nr. 103, 2004 : 15-20.
TUBEX, H., Geen gestuntel met de voorwaardelijke invrijheidstelling (no bungling with the parole system), Fatik, nr. 98, juni 2003 : 6-9.
TUBEX, H., Dadertherapie als juridische maatregel (Offender-therapy as a legal measure), UVV info, extra nummer 2002 : 6-13.
BEYENS, K., SNACKEN, S. & TUBEX, H., Dweilen met de kraan open in Belgische gevangenissen, (Swimming against the tide in Belgian prisons), De standaard, 25 april 2002, Metanoia, UVV-Informatie.
TUBEX, H., De voorwaardelijke invrijheidstelling in Europa (Conditional release in Europe), Fatik, 91, september 2001, nr. 91 : 27-34, Metanoia, maart 2002 : 108-119.
TUBEX, H., Punir et/ou traiter, Quelles possibilités d’assitance préventive? (Punishment and treatment, opportunities for prevention?), L’Observatoire, 2002, 36 : 76-79.
TUBEX, H. & JANSSEN, P., Geweld in Belgische gevangenissen (Violence in Belgian prisons), Winket, 2001, 3 : 6-27.
TUBEX, H., Interview met Freddy Pieters, voorzitter van de Nederlandstalige commissie voor voorwaardelijke invrijheidstelling te Brussel (Interview with Freddy Pieters, president of the Brussels Parole board), Fatik, 91, september 2001, nr. 91 : 15-24.
TUBEX, H. & VAN LAETHEM, W., Kwartieren voor Verscherpte Beveiliging (High Security Units), in : GEBOERS, J., SMAERS, G. & VAN LAETHEM, W., Detentie in België, Liga Voor de Mensenrechten vzw, Gent, 1995 : 64-84.

Conference publications
TUBEX, H., (2013) The revival of comparative criminology in a globalised world. Conference Proceedings Crime, Justice and Social Democracy: Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference, Vol1, 2013. Queensland University of Technology: 220-227
TUBEX H, Explaining Prison Populations: A Review of International Evidence. Conference Proceedings Crime, Justice and Social Democracy: An International Conference, 26-28 September 2011. Queensland University of Technology, 2011: 228-247.
TUBEX, H. & SNACKEN S., Recommendation R(2003)23 on the management by prisons administrations of life sentence and other long-term prisoners, in Sentencing and execution of criminal sanctions, Conference proceedings, Podgorica, Judicial Training Centre of the Republic of Montenegro, 2006 : 52-65.
TUBEX, H., Community Disposals, in Making our community safer : exploring new possibilities for criminal justice and prison system, Conference proceedings, Sarajevo, 2005 : 81-91.
TUBEX, H., Medecin/juge : confrontation du language et des objectifs (Doctor / judge, confrontation of languages and objectives), Actes du XXXIII° congrès français de criminologie, Les soins obligés, ou l’utopie de la triple entente, Dalloz, 2002 : 144-150.

Book reviews
TUBEX, H. (2015) Chris Cunneen, Eileen Baldry, David Brown, Mark Brown, Melanie Schwartz and Alex Steel, Penal Culture and Hyperincarceration: The Revival of the Prison. Punishment & Society
TUBEX, H. (2014) Don Weatherburn, Arresting incarceration: Pathways out of Indigenous Imprisonment
TUBEX, H., Boekbesprekingsartikel, Van oriëntatienota naar penaal beleid? (Book review: From white paper to penal policy?), PETERS, T. & VANACKER, J., (ed.), K.U.L., Doc. 1997.1., Panopticon, 1998, 1 : 72-76.
TUBEX, H., Boekbesprekingsartikel, Behandelen of straffen? Gestoorden, verslaafden en jeugdigen (Book review, Treatment or punishment? the mentally-disturbed, addicts and juveniles), Het Psychiatrisch Juridisch Gezelschap, nr. 6, Gouda Quint, 283 blz., Panopticon, 1995, 1 : 87-90.

Reports of research
­TUBEX, H. & HERBERT, J., The profile of women in prison 2008, Department of Corrective Services, Strategic Planning and Review Branch, 2009.
­TUBEX, H. & FLORE, V., Analyse van de hulp- en dienstverlening aan gedetineerden in het Brussels hoofdstedelijk gewest (Analysis of the welfare offer to prisoners in Brussels prisons), VUB, 2006.
­TUBEX, H. & STRYPSTEIN, J., Evaluatie van de uitstroom van gedetineerden uit de gevangenis (Evaluation of early release of prisoners), 2004, 2005.
­VANTHUYNE, T., TUBEX, H., VAN CAMP, T., BOUVERNE-DEBIE, M., SNACKEN, S. & GOETHALS, J., Onderzoek naar de kwaliteit en de effectiviteit van de Vlaamse hulp-en dienstverlening aan gedetineerden in de Vlaamse gevangenissen, (Policy indicators for quality and effectiveness of welfare aid to prisoners in Flanders) Ugent, VUB, KUL, Brussel, 2003.
­Tubex, H. & Snacken, S., Penitentiaire inflatie en de aanpak van seksuele delinquenten (Penal inflation and the policy towards sex offenders), VUB, Brussel, Ministerie van Justitie, 2000, 2001, 2002.
­Tubex, H., Janssen, P., Bogaert, T. & Snacken, S., De problematiek van geweld in gevangenissen. (The problem of violence in prisons), Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussel, 1999.
­Tubex, H. & Snacken, S., Bouwstenen voor een coherent herstel- en slachtoffergericht justitiebeleid. Luik voorwaardelijke invrijheidstelling (Keys for a coherent reparation and victim oriented judicial policy, section conditional release), DWTC, Brussel, 1998.

TUBEX H, (2016) Mandatory sentencing leads to unjust, unfair outcomes – it doesn’t make us safe
TUBEX H, (2016) Reducing imprisonment rates in Australia, It isn't simply a matter of fate, it's a matter of policy:
TUBEX H, (2015) State of imprisonment: lopsided incarceration rates blight West:
TUBEX H, Prison rates down, but not enough, The Conversation, July 18, 2011,
TUBEX, H., Etude sur la gestion des condamnés à perpétuité et d’autres détenus de longue durée, Conseil de coopération pénologique, PC-CP (2001)37. Study of the mamagement of life-sentenced and other long term prisoners, Council for Penological Co-operation, PC-CP (2001)37.
TUBEX, H., Etude sur la libération conditionnelle dans les Etats membres du Conseil de l’Europe, Conseil de coopération pénologique, PC-CP (2000) 24, Study of conditional release (parole) in the member states, Council for Penological Co-operation, PC-CP (2000) 24.

PhD thesis
TUBEX, H., Dualisering en selectiviteit in de vrijheidsberoving. Toepassing op (levens)lang gestraften. Doctoraal Proefschrift (Bifurcation and selectivity in the deprivation of liberty. Application to life sentence and long-term prisoners. Ph. D. thesis), VUB, 1999.
Roles, responsibilities and expertise
­PhD in Criminology, Free University Brussels, 1999
­MA in Criminology, Free University Brussels, 1991
­BA in Social work, HIMW – Antwerp, 1987
Funding received
ARC Future Fellowship Project FT100100627: “Reducing imprisonment rates in Australia: International experiences, marginal populations and a focus on the overrepresentation of Indigenous people.”

Criminology Research Grant 23/15-16: "Building an effective community-based throughcare approach for Aboriginal offenders in Australia"
English - Dutch - French
I am a member of the European Society of Criminology and the Australian and New Zealand Society of Criminology (ANZSOC). I am currently the WA representative on the ANZSOC Committee of Management.
I was appointed as a part time (15%) guest lecturer at the Free University of Brussels to do a replacement for one year 2010-2011, teaching penology and forensic psychology as well as supervising masters students. I am currently still an honorary research fellow at the FUB.
Current projects
Criminology Research Grant: Building an effective community-based throughcare approach for Aboriginal offenders in Australia.
ARC Future Fellowship: Reducing imprisonment rates in Australia: International experiences, marginal populations and a focus on the over-representation of Indigenous people.
Research profile
Research profile and publications

The University of Western Australia

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