The University of Western Australia

UWA Staff Profile

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Leonie Valentine

Dr Leonie Valentine

Research Associate
Plant Biology, School of

Contact details
School of Plant Biology
The University of Western Australia (M090)
35 Stirling Highway
+61 8 6488 4827
Room G21, Botany Building, Perth campus
BSc GradDip PhD James Cook
I am a wildlife biologist with interests in conservation biology and ecology, focussing on the link between fauna, the environment and ecological disturbances. Originally from north Queensland, I completed a BSc at James Cook University (1999) and worked in the northern tropics as a research assistant and course coordinator for the School of Tropical Biology at James Cook University. My doctoral research (2007) examined the impacts of an invasive weed (rubbervine, Cryptostegia grandiflora) and fire management strategies on bird and reptile communities in tropical savannas. I moved to Perth in 2008 and worked for the WA Department of Environment and Conservation as a conservation manager, examining biodiversity issues related to the Gnangara Sustainability Strategy. I returned to academia as a post-doctoral researcher at Murdoch University with the WA Centre of Excellence for Climate Change, Woodland and Forest Health. I joined UWA as a Post-doctoral researcher with Prof. Richard Hobbs in late 2012, as part of the ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions, the NERP – Environmental Decisions Hub, and more recently as part of NESP – Threatened Species Recovery.
A consistent theme in my research is to understand how and why fauna respond to disturbances; the role of fauna in restoration ecology and ecosystem function; and, practical land management strategies for conservation managers.
Key research
The role of fauna, especially digging mammals, in ecosystem function and restoration management
The response of fauna to disturbances including: fire, invasive species, Phytophthora dieback and tree health
Fauna translocations for conservation and ecosystem function
Book chapters
Valentine, L.E. (2014) Ecosystem services of digging mammals. In: Plant Life on the Sandplains in Southwest Australia, a Global Biodiversity Hotspot (ed. H. Lambers), pp. 255-262. University of Western Australia Publishing, Crawley, Australia.

Peer-reviewed publications
Hiers, J.K., Jackson, S.T., Hobbs, R.J, Bernhardt, E.S. and Valentine, L.E. (in press) The precision problem in conservation and restoration. Trends in Ecology and Evolution Doi: 10.1016/j.tree.2016.08.001

Valentine, L.E., Bretz, M. Ruthrof, K.X., Fisher, R., Hardy, G.E.StJ. and Fleming, P.A. (in press) Scratching beneath the surface: bandicoot bioturbation contributes to ecosystem processes. Austral Ecology. Doi: 10.1111/aec.12428.

Moore, T.L., Ruthrof, K.X. Craig, M.D., Valentine, L.E., Hardy, G.E.St J. and Fleming, P.A. (2016) Living (and reproducing) on the edge: reproductive phenology is impacted by rainfall and canopy decline in a Mediterranean eucalypt. Australian Journal of Botany 64: 129-141.

Ives, C.D., Lentini, P.E., Threlfall, C.G., Ikin, K., Shanahan, D.F., Garrard, G.E., Bekessy, S.A., Fuller, R.A., Mumaw, L. Rayner, L., Rowe, R, Valentine, L.E., Kendal, D. (2016) Cities are hotspots for threatened species. Global Ecology and Biogeography 25: 117-126.

Perring, M.P., Standish, R.J., Price, J.N., Craig, M.D., Erickson, T.E., Ruthrof, K.X., Whiteley, A.S., Valentine, L.E. and Hobbs, R.J. (2015) Advances in restoration ecology: rising to the challenges of the coming decades. Ecosphere 6: 1-25.

Ruthrof, K.X., Matusick, G., Valentine, L.E. and Hardy, G.E.St.J. (2015) Facilitating regeneration of an iconic canopy species with specific niche requirements. Open Journal of Forestry, 5: 402-408.

Bower, D.S., Valentine, L.E., Grice, A.C., Hodgson, L. and Schwarzkopf, L. (2014) A trade-off in conservation: weed management decreases the abundance of common reptile and frog species while restoring an invaded floodplain. Biological Conservation, 179: 123-128.

Valentine, L.E., Fisher, R., Wilson, B.A., Sonneman, T., Stock, W.D., Fleming, P.A. and Hobbs, R.J. (2014) Time since fire influences food resources for an endangered species, Carnaby’s cockatoo, in a fire-prone landscape. Biological Conservation, 175: 1-9.

Wilson, B.A., Kuehs, J., Valentine, L.E., Sonneman, T., and Wolfe, K.M. (2014) Guidelines for ecological burning regimes in Mediterranean ecosystems: a case study in Banksia woodlands in Western Australia. Pacific Conservation Biology, 20: 57-74.

Davis, R.A., Valentine, L.E., Craig, M.D., Wilson, B.A. Bancroft, W.J., and Mallie, M. (2014) Impact of Phytophthora-dieback on birds in banksia woodlands in south west Western Australia. Biological Conservation, 171: 136-144.

Fleming, P.A., Valentine, L.E., Bretz, M. Prendergast, A. Anderson, H. and Hardy, G. (2014) Is the loss of Australian digging mammals contributing to deteriorating ecosystem functioning? Mammal Review, 44: 94-108.

Moore, T.L., Craig, M., Valentine, L.E., Hardy, G.E.StJ. and Fleming, P.A (2014) Signs of wildlife activity and Eucalyptus wandoo condition. Australian Mammalogy, 36: 146-153.

Moore, T.L., Valentine, L.E., Craig, M.D, Hardy, G.E.StJ., and Fleming, P.A. (2014) Does woodland condition influence the diversity and abundance of small mammal communities? Australian Mammalogy, 36: 35-44.

Valentine, L.E., Anderson, H., Hardy, G. and Fleming, P.A. (2013) Foraging activity by the southern brown bandicoot (Isoodon obesulus) as a mechanism for soil turnover. Australian Journal of Zoology, 60: 419-423.

Fleming, P.A., Valentine, L.E. and Bateman, P.W. (2013) Telling tails: selective pressures acting on investment in lizard tails. Physiological and Biochemical Zoology, 86: 645-658.

Moore, T.L., Valentine, L.E., Craig, M.D, Hardy, G.E.StJ., and Fleming, P.A. (2013) Is the reptile community affected by Eucalyptus wandoo tree condition? Wildlife Research 40: 358-366.

Brouwers, N.C., Moore, S., Lyons, T., Hardy, G., Chopard, J., Matusick, G., Ruthrof, K. and Valentine, L.E. (2013) Fostering collaborations towards integrative research development. Forests, 4:329-342.

Moore, T.L., Valentine, L.E., Craig, M.D., Hardy, G.E.StJ., Fleming, P.A. (2013) Do woodland birds prefer to forage in healthy Eucalyptus wandoo trees? Australian Journal of Zoology, 61: 187-195.

Valentine, L.E., Reaveley, A., Johnson, B. and Wilson, B.A. (2012) Burning in banksia woodlands: how does the fire-free period influence reptile communities. PLOS ONE, 7: e34448.

Hogan, L.A., Lisle, A.T., Valentine, L.E., Johnston, S.D. & Robertson, H. (2012) Non-invasive assessment of male and female numbat (Myremecobius fasciatus: Myrmecobiidae) reproductive function. Animal Reproduction Science, 133: 237-245.

Valentine, L.E., Johnson, C.N. and Schwarzkopf, L. (2012) Effects of high fire frequency on resources and assemblage structure of birds in a tropical savanna. Austral Ecology, 37: 23-34.

Wilson, B.A., Valentine, L.E., Reaveley, A., Isaac, J., and Wolfe, K.M. (2012) Impacts of climate change induced rainfall and groundwater declines on terrestrial mammals of the Gnangara Groundwater System, Western Australia. Australian Mammalogy, 34: 202-216.

Ruthrof, K.X. and Valentine, L.E. (2010) Ecological, economic and social challenges, restoration filters and planning for the unknown. Australasian Plant Conservation, 19 (3) 34-35.

Valentine, L.E. and Schwarzkopf, L. (2009) Effects of weed-management burning on reptile assemblages in Australian tropical savannas. Conservation Biology, 23: 109 – 113.

Isaac, J.L., Valentine, L.E. and Goodman, B.A. (2008) Demographic responses of an arboreal marsupial, the common brushtail possum (Trichosurus vulpecula) to a prescribed fire. Population Ecology, 50: 101 – 109.

Valentine, L.E., Roberts, B., and Schwarzkopf, L. (2007) Mechanisms driving weed avoidance by native lizards. Journal of Applied Ecology, 44: 228 – 237.

Valentine, L.E., Schwarzkopf, L., Johnson, C.N. and Grice, A.C. (2007) Burning season influences the response of bird assemblages to fire in tropical savannas. Biological Conservation, 137: 90 – 101.

Valentine, L.E. (2006) Habitat avoidance of an introduced weed by native lizards. Austral Ecology, 31: 372 – 375.

Bower, D.S., Valentine, L.E., Grice, A.C., & Schwarzkopf, L. (2006) Reducing weed biomass by burning and grazing can adversely affect frogs. In Fifteenth Australian weeds conference papers and proceedings: managing weeds in a changing climate, 24 – 28 September 2006 (eds C. Preston, J.H. Watts & N.D. Crossman), pp. 831 – 834. Weed Management Society of South Australia Inc, Adelaide.

Technical Reports
Wilson, B.A., Valentine, L.E., Kuehs, J., Swinburn, M. and Bleby, K. (2010) Impact of fire on biodiversity of the Gnangara Groundwater System. Department of Environment and Conservation.

Wilson, B.A., Kuehs, J. And Valentine, L.E. (2010) Guidelines for developing ecological burning regimes for the Gnangara Groundwater System. Department of Environment and Conservation.

Wilson, B.A. and Valentine, L.E. (eds) (2009) Biodiversity values and threatening processes of the Gnangara groundwater system. Report for the Gnangara Sustainability Strategy and the Department of Environment and Conservation (12 Chapters), Perth, Australia.

Valentine, L.E., Wilson, B., Reaveley, A., Huang, N. Johnson, B. and Brown, P. (2009) Patterns of ground-dwelling vertebrate biodiversity in the Gnangara Sustainability Strategy study area. Report for the Department of Environment and Conservation, and the Gnangara Sustainability Strategy. Department of Environment and Conservation, Perth, Australia.

Finn, H., Stock, W. and Valentine, L.E. (2009) Pines and the ecology of Carnaby’s Black-Cockatoos (Calyptorhynchus latirostris) in the Gnangara Sustainability Strategy study area. A report for the Forest Products Commission and the Gnangara Sustainability Strategy. Centre for Ecosystem Management, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia.

Valentine, L.E. and Stock, W. (2008) Food resources of Carnaby’s Black-Cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus latirostris) in the Gnangara Sustainability Strategy study area. A report for the Forest Products Commission and the Gnangara Sustainability Strategy. Centre for Ecosystem Management, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia.

Popular Articles
Valentine, L.E. and Hobbs R.J. (2015) Burning questions for black cockatoos. Australasian Science, April 2015: 48.
Valentine, L.E. and Hobbs, R.J. (2014) Burning questions for black cockatoos – fire may hold the key to the future of Carnaby’s cockatoo. Decision Point 84 – November 2014: 6-7.
Standish, R.J., Valentine, L.E. and Hobbs, R.J. (2012) Tipping point for cockatoos in Perth. Hot Topics in Ecology, Ecological Society of Australia.
Valentine, L.E. (2003) Impacts of weed management burning on bird assemblages in grazed open woodlands. Contact Call (Birds Australia – NQ Group), September 2003: page 5.
Valentine, L.E. (2004) Fire, ferals & feathered friends. Contact Call (Birds Australia – NQ Group), June 2004: page 6.
Funding received
2012: School of Plant Biology, UWA – Equipment Grant; with RJ Hobbs
2012: City of Mandurah; with PA Fleming
2011: WA State Government Environmental Community Grant; with K Ruthrof, K Brown & L Stubbs
2011: WA Department of Environment & Conservation
2010: WA Department of Environment & Conservation
2008: Forest Products Commission, Gnangara Sustainability Strategy; with W Stock
2004-2005: Tropical Savannas CRC Student Research Grant
2002 – 2003: Norman Wettenhall Foundation & Birds Australia – Stuart Leslie Bird Research Award
2002: Linnean Society of New South Wales
Current students:
Helena Bowler (Honours, UWA): Are quenda attracted to western swamp turtle nests?
Dawn Dickinson (PhD, UWA): A social-ecological study of urban green space in Perth, Western Australia: the importance of scale, naturalness and stewardship.
Erica Dalle Nogare (PhD, Murdoch): Ecological mechanisms driving responses of reptiles to fire.
Rebecca Ong (Masters, UWA): Factors shaping translocated populations of the carnivorous marsupial, Dasyurus geoffroii.

Previous students:
Keren Raiter (PhD, UWA 2016): Mitigating mining’s enigmatic ecological impacts in Australia’s Great Western Woodlands.
Mike Wysong (PhD, UWA 2016): The ecology and interactions of dingoes and feral cats in the arid rangelands of Western Australia.
Tracey Moore (PhD, Murdoch University 2014): The impact of Eucalyptus wandoo crown decline on wildlife.
Jelena May (Masters of NRM, UWA 2015): What happens after assessment? An evaluation of the effectiveness of environmental offsets in Western Australia.
Ayesha Kerimofski (Honours, UWA 2013): Habitat use of Tiliqua rugosa in tuart-banksia woodlands.
Michael Bretz (Honours, Murdoch 2012): The role of southern brown bandicoot (Isoodon obesulus fusciventor) biopedturbation in ecosystem processes.
John Stuart (Honours, Murdoch 2012): Microhabitat use of small skinks in Eucalyptus wandoo woodland.
Hannah Anderson (Honours, Murdoch 2011): The relationship between tuart (Eucalyptus gomphocephala) health and medium-sized mammals.
Donna Simmons (Honours, Murdoch 2011): Impacts of Phytophthroa cinnamomi on reptiles in banksia woodlands.
Deborah Bower (Honours, James Cook University 2006): The responses of reptiles to management of an invasive weed, paragrass, in tropical savannas.
Brady Roberts (Masters, James Cook University 2005): Effects of non-native vegetation on fauna: determinants of habitat selection in two lizard species.
Useful links
Ecosystem Restoration and Intervention Ecology Research Group:
ARC Centre of Excellence for Environmental Decisions:
National Environmental Science Program – Threatened Species Recovery:
Research profile
Research profile and publications

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Last updated:
Tuesday, 3 November, 2015 2:39 PM