The University of Western Australia

UWA Staff Profile

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Marylene Gagne

Prof Marylene Gagne

Management and Organisations (UWA Business School)

Contact details
Management and Organisations (UWA Business School)
The University of Western Australia (M261)
35 Stirling Highway
+61 8 6488 1402
+61 8 6488 5554
BA McG., MA PhD Roch.
Marylène Gagné (PhD University of Rochester) is professor of organisational behaviour in the Management and Organisations at the UWA Business School. She is interested in what motivates paid and volunteer workers. Her research examines how organisations, through their structures, cultures, rewards, tasks, and management, affect people’s motivational orientations towards their work. She also examines the consequences of these orientations for individual and organisational performance, and for individual mental health. Her work has been published in both management and psychology journals and books, which have been cited over 12000 times. She has edited the Oxford Handbook of employee engagement, motivation and self-determination theory. She served as associate editor (2012-2015) for the European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology and currently sits on the editorial boards of the Journal of Organizational Behavior, Journal of Business and Psychology, the Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Canadian Psychology and the European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology.
Key research
Work Motivation
Self-determination theory
Individual performance and well-being

1.Flatau-Harrison, H., Griffin, M. A., & Gagné, M. (in press). Assessing shortened safety climate measures: simulating a planned missing data design in a field setting. Safety Science.
2.Bureau, J. S., Gagné, M., Morin, A. J. S., Mageau, G. A. (in press). Transformational leadership and workplace incivility: A multilevel and longitudinal test. Journal of Interpersonal Violence.
3.Howard, J., Gagné, M., & Bureau, J. (in press). Testing a Simplex Structure of Self-Determined Motivation: A Meta-Analysis. Psychological Bulletin.
4.Gagné, M. (in press). From strategy to action: Transforming organizational goals into organizational behavior. Special issue on organizational goals at the International Journal of Management Review.
5.Gillet, N., Morin, A.J.S., Cougot, B., & Gagné, M. (in press). Workaholism: A person-centered perspective. Journal of Occupational and Organizational Psychology.
6.Litalien, D., Morin, A. J. S., Gagné, M., Vallerand, R. J., & Losier, G. (2017). Evidence of a continuum structure of self-determination: A bifactor-ESEM representation of the Academic Motivation Scale. Contemporary Educational Psychology, 51, 67-83.
7.Thibault-Landry, A., Gagné, M., Forest, J., Guerrero, S., Séguin, M., & Papachristopoulos, K. (2017). An integrative SDT-based investigation of the relation between financial incentives, motivation, and performance. Journal of Personnel Psychology, 16, 61-76.
8.Dimmock, J. A., Gagné, M., Proud, L., Howle, T. C., Rebar, A. L., & Jackson, B. (2016). An exercise in resistance: Inoculation messaging as a strategy for protecting motivation during a monotonous and controlling exercise class. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 38, 567-578.
9.Howard, J., Gagné, M., Morin, A. J. S., van den Broeck, A. (2016). Motivation profiles at work: A self-determination theory approach. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 95, 74-89.
10.Kuvaas, B., Buch, R., Gagné, & Dysvik, A. (2016). Do you get what you pay for? Sales incentives and implications for motivation and changes in turnover intentions and work effort. Motivation and Emotion, 40, 667-680.
11.Bérubé, N., Donia, M., Gagné, M., Houlfort, N., & Lvina, E. (2016). Validation evidence for the Work Satisfaction Scale in two languages. International Journal of Psychological Studies, 8, 26-39.
12.Howard, J., Gagné, M., Morin, A. J. S, Wang, Z., & Forest, J. (2016). Using Bifactor-Exploratory Structural Equation Modeling to Test for a Continuum Structure of Motivation. Journal of Management. Advanced online publication
13.Morin, A.J.S., Bélanger, É., Meyer, J.P., Boudrias, J.-S., Gagné, M., & Parker, P.D. (2016). Longitudinal associations between employees’ perceptions of change management practices, affective commitment to change and psychological empowerment. Human Relations, 69, 839-867.
14.Fernet, C., Austin, S., Gagné, M., & Forest, J. (2015). Extending the scope of the motivational effect of transformational leadership on employee functioning: The role of employees’ perceived job characteristics and motivation. Work and Stress, 29, 11-31.
15.Gagné, M., Forest, J., Vansteenkiste, M., Crevier-Braud, L., Van den Broeck, A. et al. (2015). The Multidimensional Work Motivation Scale: Validation evidence in seven languages and nine countries. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 24, 178-196.
16.Gagné, M., Sharma, P., & DeMassis, A. (2014). The study of organizational behavior in family business. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 23, 643-656. (special issue on OB issues in Family Firms).
17.Sharma, P., DeMassis, A., & Gagné, M. (2014). Family Business: A fertile ground for research on time, teams, and positive organizational study. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology (special issue on OB issues in Family Firms).
18.Chemolli, E., & Gagné, M. (2014). Evidence against a continuum structure underlying motivational measures derived from self-determination theory. Psychological Assessment, 26, 575-585.
19.Hortop, E. G., Wrosch, C., & Gagné, M. (2013). The how and why of goal pursuits: Effects of global perceived control and autonomous motivation on subjective well-being. Motivation and Emotion, 37, 675-687.
20.Wang, Z., & Gagné, M. (2013). A Chinese-Canadian cross-cultural investigation of transformational leadership, autonomous motivation and collectivistic value. Journal of Leadership and Organization Studies, 20, 134-142.
21.Gillet, N., Gagné, M, Sauvagère, S., & Fouquereau, E. (2013). The role of supervisor autonomy support, organizational support, and autonomous and controlled motivation in predicting employees’ satisfaction and turnover intentions. European Journal of Work and Organizational Psychology, 22, 450-460.
22.Dysvik, A., Kuvaas, B., & Gagné, M. (2013). An investigation of the unique relations between basic psychological needs and intrinsic motivation. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 43, 1050-1064.
23.Mitchell, J. I., Gagné, M., Beaudry, A., Dyer, L. (2012). The role of perceived organizational support, distributive justice and motivation in reactions to new information technology. Computers in Human Behavior, 28, 729-738.
24.Gagné, M., Wrosch, C., & Brun de Pontet, S. (2011). Retiring from the family business: The role of goal adjustment capacities. Family Business Review, 24, 292-304.
25.Ryan, R.M., Weinstein, N., Bernstein, J., Brown, K.W., Mistrella, L., & Gagné, M. (2010). Vitalizing effects of being outdoors and in nature. Journal of Environmental Psychology. 30, 159-168.
26.Fernet, C., Gagné, M., & Austin., S. (2010). When does quality of relationships with coworkers predict burnout over time? The moderating role of work motivation. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 31, 1163-1180.
27.Gagné, M., Forest, J., Gilbert, M.-H., Aubé, C., Morin, E., & Malorni (2010). The Motivation at Work Scale: Validation evidence in two languages. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 70, 628-646.
28.Gagné, M. (2009). A model of knowledge sharing motivation. Human Resource Management, 48, 571-589.
29.Gagné, M., Chemolli, E., Forest, J., & Koestner, R. (2008). The temporal relations between work motivation and organizational commitment. Psychologica Belgica, 48, 219-241.
30.Gagné, M., & Forest, J. (2008). The study of compensation systems through the lens of self-determination theory: Reconciling 35 years of debate. Canadian Psychology, 49, 225-232.
31.Roca, J. C., & Gagné, M. (2008). Understanding e-learning continuance intention in the workplace: A self-determination theory perspective. Computers in Human Behavior24, 1596-1604.
32.Millette, V., & Gagné, M. (2008). Designing Volunteers’ Tasks to Maximize Motivation, Satisfaction and Performance: The impact of job characteristics on the outcomes of volunteer involvement. Motivation and Emotion, 32, 11-22.
33.Muraven, M., & Gagné, M., Rosman, H. (2008). Helpful self-control: Autonomy support, vitality, and depletion. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 44, 573-585.
34.Meyer, J. P., & Gagné, M. (2008). Employee engagement from a self-determination theory perspective. Industrial and Organizational Perspectives, 1, 60-62.
35.Muraven, M., H. Rosman, & Gagné, M. (2007). Lack of autonomy and self-control: Performance contingent rewards lead to greater depletion. Motivation and Emotion, 31, 322-330.
36.Brun de Pontet, S., Wrosch, C., & Gagne, M. (2007). An exploration of the generational differences in levels of control held among family businesses approaching succession. Family Business Review, 20, 4, 337 – 354.
37.Williams, G. C., Gagné, M., Mushlin, A. I., & Deci, E. L. (2005). Motivation for behavior change in patients with chest pain. Health Education, 105, 304-321.
38.Gagné, M., & Deci, E. L. (2005). Self-determination theory and work motivation. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, 331-362.
39.Zuckerman, M., Knee, C. R., Kieffer, S. C, & Gagné, M. (2004). What individuals believe they can and cannot do: Explorations of realistic and unrealistic control beliefs. Journal of Personality Assessment, 82, 215-232.
40.Gagné, M., Ryan, R. M., & Bargmann, K. (2003). The Effects of Parent and Coach Autonomy Support on the Need Satisfaction and Well Being of Gymnasts. Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 15, 372-390.
41.Vallerand, R. J., Blanchard, C. B., Mageau, G. A., Koestner, R., Ratelle, C., Léonard, M., Gagné, M., and Marsolais, J. (2003). Les passions de l’âme: On obsessive and harmonious passion. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 756-767.
42.Gagné, M. (2003). The Role of Autonomy Support and Autonomy Orientation in the Engagement of Prosocial Behavior. Motivation and Emotion, 27, 199-223.
43.Zuckerman, M., & Gagné, M. (2003). The COPE revised: Proposing a 5-factor model of coping strategies. Journal of Research in Personality, 37, 169-204.
44.Zuckerman, M., Gagné, M., Nafshi, I., Knee, C. R., & Kieffer, S. C. (2002). Testing discrepancy effects: A critique, a suggestion, and an illustration. Behavior Research methods, Instruments, and Computers, 34, 291-303.
45.Williams, G. C., Gagné, M., Ryan, R. M., & Deci, E. L. (2002). Facilitating autonomous motivation for smoking cessation. Health Psychology, 21, 40-50.
46.Zuckerman, M., Gagné, M., Nafshi, I. (2001). Pursuing academic interests: The role of implicit theories. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 12, 2621-2647.
47.Deci, E. L., Ryan, R. M., Gagné, M., Leone, D., Usunov, J., & Kornazheva, B. P. (2001). Need satisfaction, motivation, and well-being in the work organizations of a former eastern bloc country. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 27, 930-942.
48.Gagné, M., Koestner, R., & Zuckerman, M. (2000). Facilitating acceptance of organizational change: The importance of self-determination. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 30, 1843-1852.
49.Gagné, M., & Zuckerman, M. (1999). Performance and learning goal orientations as moderators of social loafing and social facilitation. Small Group Research, 30, 524-541.
50.Koestner, R., Gingras, I., Abutaa, R., Losier, G. F., Di Dio, L., & Gagné, M. (1999). To ignore, follow, or oppose expert advice when making a decision: An examination of reactive versus reflective autonomy. Journal of Personality, 67, 849-864.
51.Gagné, M., Senécal, C., & Koestner, R. (1997). Proximal job characteristics, feelings of empowerment, and intrinsic motivation: A multidimensional model. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 27, 1222-1240.


1.Gagné, M. & Howard, J. (2016). A motivational model of employee attachment to an organization. In J. P. Meyer (Ed.), Handbook of employee commitment. Edward Elgar Publishing.
2.Gagné, M., Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2016). Applications of self-determination theory in organizations. In Anderson, Viswesvaran, Sinangil and Ones (Eds.), Handbook of Industrial Work and Organizational Psychology (2nd Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.
3.Gagné, M. Chemolli, E., & Forest, J. (in press). Les méthodologies associées à la TAD. In Y. Paquet & R. J. Vallerand (Eds.), Théorie de l'autodétermination : Aspects théoriques et appliqués. Brussels, Belgium: De Boeck.
4.Gagné, M. & Deci, E. L. (2014). The history of self-determination theory in psychology and management. In M. Gagné (Ed.), Oxford Handbook of Employee Engagement, Motivation, and Self-Determination Theory. New York: NY: Oxford University Press.
5.Gagné, M. & Panaccio, A. (2014). The motivation power of job design. In M. Gagné (Ed.), Oxford Handbook of Employee Engagement, Motivation, and Self-Determination Theory. New York: NY: Oxford University Press.
6.Forest, J., Gilbert, M.-H., Beaulieu, G., LeBrock, P., & Gagné, M. (2014). Translating research results in economic terms: An application of economic utility analysis using SDT-based interventions. In M. Gagné (Ed.), Oxford Handbook of Employee Engagement, Motivation, and Self-Determination Theory. New York: NY: Oxford University Press.
7.Gagné, M. (2014). Self-determination theory in the work domain: This is just the beginning. In M. Gagné (Ed.), Oxford Handbook of Employee Engagement, Motivation, and Self-Determination Theory. New York: NY: Oxford University Press.
8.Forest, J., Gagné, M., Fernet, C., Gillet, N., Parenteau, C., Thibault Landry, A., Girouard, S., & Crevier-Braud, L. (2013). L’argent achète-t-il le bonheur et la performance? Une perspective selon la théorie de l’autodétermination. In C. Martin-Krumm, C. Tarquinio, & M.-J. Shaar (Eds.) Psychologie positive et environnement professionnel (pp. 329-349). Brussels, Belgium: De Boeck.
9.Deci, E. L., Gagné, M., & Ryan, R. M. (2013). Self-determination theory. In E. Kessler (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Management Theory. Sage.
10.Gagné, M., & Vansteenkiste, M. (2013). Self-determination theory’s contribution to positive organizational psychology. In A. B. Bakker (Ed.) Advances in Positive Organizational Psychology (pp. 61-82). Bigley, UK: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
11.Forest, J., Crevier-Braud, L., & Gagné, M. (2012). Mieux comprendre la motivation au travail. In C. Bareil et C. Aubé (Eds.), Développement organisationnel : Relever les défis contemporains (pp. 59-89). Montréal, HEC Montréal, Collection Gestion et Savoirs.
12.Meyer, J. P., Parfyonova, N., & Gagné, M. (2010). Motivation and commitment. In S. Albrecht (Ed), Handbook of employee engagement. UK: Edward Elgar.
13.Gagné, M., & Bhave, D. (2010). Autonomy in the workplace: An essential ingredient to employee engagement and well-being. In V. Chirkov, R. M. Ryan, and K. M. Sheldon (Eds), Handbook of autonomy in cross-cultural context (pp. 163-190). New York, NY: Springer.
14.Gagné, M., & Forest, J. (2009). La motivation au travail selon la théorie de l’autodétermination. In P. Roussel, J. Rojot, & C. Vandenberghe (Eds.), Comportement organisationnel – Volume 3 (pp.). Bruxelles : Éditions De Boeck.
15.Gagné, M., & Blanchard, C. (2007). Self-determination theory and well-being in athletes: It's the situation that counts. In M. Hagger (Ed.) Self-determination theory in Sports Psychology.
16.Gagné, M., & Deci, E. L. (2006). Intrinsic motivation, Extrinsic Motivation, and Rewards. In S. G. Rogelberg (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Industrial/Organizational Psychology. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
17.Deci, E. L., & Gagné, M. (2004). Motivation: Intrinsic and Extrinsic. In J. M. Burns, G. R. Goethals, & G. Sorenson (Eds.), The encyclopedia of leadership (pp. 1036-1040). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Funding received
Patrick Dunlop, Marylene Gagne, Alex Luksyte, Djurre Holtrop, 2017-2019. Bushfire and Natural Hazards Cooperative Research Centre: Enabling sustainable emergency volunteering.

Marylene Gagne, John Cordery, Patrick Dunlop 2015-2019, 'Designing Human Resource Practices that Promote the Retention of Volunteers', ARC Linkage Projects.
Industrial relevance
Employee engagement
English, French
Academy of Management
Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology
Society for the Study of Motivation
Australia New-Zealand Academy of Management
Honours and awards
American Psychological Association Dissertation Award, 1999.
Canadian Psychological Association President’s New Researcher Award 2004.
Previous positions
Associate Professor, School of Psychology, University of Western Australia
Associate Professor, John Molson School of Business, Concordia University, Montreal, Canada
Useful links
New and noteworthy
Oxford Handbook of Work Engagement:
Current projects
Attracting, Engaging and Retaining Volunteers.
Promoting knowledge sharing through motivating HR practices.
The structure of motivational profiles.
The effects of compensation systems on work motivation.
An organisational socialisation model for 21st Century work.
Research profile
Research profile and publications

The University of Western Australia

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Last updated:
Tuesday, 3 November, 2015 2:39 PM