The University of Western Australia

UWA Staff Profile

Ipsum Lorem

Patrick Clarke

Dr Patrick Clarke

Adjunct Lecturer
Research Section (Psychology)

Contact details
Address
Research Section (Psychology)
The University of Western Australia (M304)
35 Stirling Highway
CRAWLEY WA 6009
Australia
Phone
+61 8 6488 7341
Fax
+61 8 6488 1006
Email
patrick.clarke@uwa.edu.au
Qualifications
BSc PhD W.Aust., MClinPsy Curtin
Biography
2016 - Present - Lecturer, School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Curtin University.

2016 - Present - Adjunct Lecturer, School of Psychology, University of Western Australia.

2014 - 2016 - Lecturer, Centre for the Advancement of Research on Emotion, School of Psychology, University of Western Australia

2011 - 2014 – Associate Lecturer, Centre for the Advancement of Research on Emotion, School of Psychology, University of Western Australia

2009-2011 – Clinical Coordinator, Social Cognition and Behavioural Treatment Clinic, Brain and Mind Research Institute, University of Sydney

2007-2009 – Department of Corrective Services: Community and Juvenile Justice Psychological Services

2009 - Doctor of Philosophy (Psychology), University of Western Australia

2007 - Master of Psychology (Clinical), Curtin University

2003 - Bachelor of Science (Psychology), University of Western Australia
Key research
My principal over-arching research interest lies in understanding the cognitive and neural processes underlying emotional pathology, and how a detailed knowledge of these processes may be harnessed to both predict and directly contribute to improvements in psychological well-being.
My research has focused on a number of theoretical and applied questions regarding emotional vulnerability and in particular the cognitive processes that underlie the development and remediation of anxiety. Recently I have also sought to combine cognitive measures and neurostimulation technologies (transcranial direct current stimulation- tDCS - in particular) into translational research to address questions regarding the potential benefits of novel neurocognitive intervention approaches and the enhancement of cognitive training techniques which show therapeutic promise.
One aspect of my research has sought to understanding how variation in the readiness to change unhelpful patterns of cognition (i.e. attentional vigilance for threat) can precede and predict either increases in anxiety over time in response to sustained stress, or decreases in anxiety in response to psychological intervention.
Another major focus of my research has been examining how to modify patterns of biased information processing that are believed to contribute to anxiety and mood disorders. This includes the modification of attentional vigilance for threatening information, and the tendency to interpret ambiguous information in a more negative manner. My own research has focused on the mechanisms that promote change in these patterns of bias and how to target these biases in a way that is most likely to achieve therapeutic changes.
Publications
Chen, N. T. M., Clarke, P. J. F., MacLeod, C., Hicke, I. B., & Guastella, A. J. (in press). Aberrant Gaze Patterns in Social Anxiety Disorder: An Eye Movement Assessment during Public Speaking. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology. http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.040313

Notebaert, L., Clarke, P. J. F., Gafton, B., & MacLeod, C. (2015). Validating a novel Attentional Bias Modification Task: The future may be in the cards. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 65, 93-100. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2014.12.007

Chen, N. T. M., Clarke, P. J. F., Watson, T. L., MacLeod, C., & Guastella, A. J. (2015). Attentional Bias Modification Facilitates Attentional Control Mechanisms: Evidence from Eye Tracking. Biological Psychology, 104, 139-146. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2014.12.002

MacLeod, C., & Clarke, P. J. F. (2015). The Attentional Bias Modification Approach to Anxiety Intervention. Clinical Psychological Science, 3(1), 58-78. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2167702614560749

Chen, N. T. M., Thomas, L., Clarke, P. J. F., Hicke, I. B., & Guastella, A. J. (2015). Hyperscanning and Avoidance in Social Anxiety Disorder: The Visual Scanpath during Public Speaking. Psychiatry Research, 225, 667-672. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2014.11.025

Clarke, P. J. F., Browning, M., Hammond, G., Notebaert, L., & MacLeod, C. (2014). The Causal Role of the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex in the Modification of Attentional Bias: Evidence from Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation. Biological Psychiatry. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2014.03.003.

Chen, N. T. M., Clarke, P. J. F., Watson, T. L., MacLeod, C., & Guastella, A. J. (2014). Biased Saccadic Responses to Emotional Stimuli in Anxiety: An Antisaccade Study. PLOS one. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086474.

Clarke, P. J. F., Notebaert, L., & MacLeod, C. (2014) Absence of evidence or evidence of absence: Reflecting on therapeutic implementations of attentional bias modification. BMC Psychiatry, 14, 8. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-14-8.

Notebaert, L., Chrystal, J., Clarke, P. J. F., Holmes, E., & MacLeod, C. (2014). When we should worry more: Using cognitive bias modification to drive adaptive health behaviour. PLOS one, 9, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085092.

Clarke, P. J. F., Hart, S., & MacLeod, C. (2014). Is selective attention in anxiety characterised by biased attentional engagement with or disengagement from threat: Evidence from a colour naming paradigm. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.032912

Clarke, P. J. F., Nanthakumar, S., Notebaert, L., Holmes, E. A., Blackwell, S. E., & MacLeod, C. (2014). Simply imagining sunshine, lollipops and rainbows will not budge the bias: The role of ambiguity in interpretive bias modification. Cognitive Therapy and Research , 1-12. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10608-013-9564-x.

MacLeod, C., & Clarke, P. J. F. (2013). Cognitive Bias Modification: A New Frontier in Cognition and Emotion Research. In E. Watkins (Ed.), Handbook of Cognition and Emotion: Guilford.

Clarke, P. J. F. & MacLeod, C. (2013). The Impact of Anxiety on Cognitive Task Performance. In P. Arnett (Ed.), Secondary Influences on Neuropsychological Test Performance. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.

Clarke, P. J. F., MacLeod, C., & Guastella, A. J. (2013). Assessing the Role of Spatial Engagement and Disengagement of Attention in Anxiety-Linked Attentional Bias: A Critique of Current Paradigms and Suggestions for Future Research Directions. Anxiety Stress and Coping, 26, 1-19. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2011.638054.

Clarke, P. J. F., Chen, N. T. M., & Guastella, A. J. (2012). Prepared for the best: Readiness to modify attentional processing and reduction in anxiety vulnerability in response to therapy. Emotion, 12, 487-494. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0025592.

Clarke, P. J. F., Hicke, I. B., Scott, E. & Guastella, A. J. (2012). The clinical staging model applied to young people presenting with social anxiety. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 6, 256-264. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7893.2012.00364.x.

Chen, N. T. M., Clarke, P. J. F. MacLeod, C., & Guastella, A. J. (2012). Biased attentional processing of positive stimuli in Social Anxiety Disorder: An eye movement study. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 41, 96-107. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16506073.2012.666562.

Clarke, P. J. F., MacLeod, C., & Shirazee, N. (2008). Prepared for the worst: Readiness to acquire threat bias and susceptibility to elevate trait anxiety. Emotion, 8, 47-57. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1528-3542.8.1.47.


MEDIA & INTERVIEWS
Clarke, P. J. F. (2015). Brain Stimulation to Treat Anxiety. Australasian Science, March, 1.

Clarke, P. J. F. (2014). Using targeted brain stimulation to change attention patterns for anxious individuals [Press release]. ScienceDaily, Elsevier. Retrieved March 8, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/12/141223084141.htm

Clarke, P. J. F. (2014). Brain stimulation may hold key to treating anxiety [Press release]: http://www.news.uwa.edu.au/201412157267/research/brain-stimulation-may-hold-key-treating-anxiety

Clarke, P. J. F. (2014). How we can build good habits. Interview conducted with Kristen Watts, for The West Australian, Health and Medicine. The West Australian. Retrieved from The West Australian website: http://health.thewest.com.au/news/1533/how-we-can-build-good-habits

Clarke, P. J. F., & Notebaert, L. (2013). Feeling anxious? There could soon be an app for that. The Conversation. Retrieved from The Conversation website: https://theconversation.com/feeling-anxious-there-could-soon-be-an-app-for-that-887.
Funding received
2014 - Notebaert, L. (CIA), Clarke, P. J. F. (CIB), Van Bockstaele, B. (AI), Salemink, E. (AI). The relationship between cognitive bias modification and emotion regulation: The missing link, UWA Research Collaboration Awards. $15,000

2013 - Clarke, P. J. F. (CIA), Grafton, B. (CIB), Browning, M. (AI), & Holmes, E. & Notebaert, L. (AI). Cognitive and Neurological Approaches to Enhancing the Modification of Information Processing Biases in Emotional Vulnerability, UWA Research Collaboration Awards. $18,443


2012 - Clarke, P. J. F. (CIA), Grafton, B. (CIB), Browning, M. (AI), & Holmes, E. & MacLeod (AI). Identifying the Mechanisms of Attentional Change in Cognitive-Experimental and Pharmacological Interventions for Emotional Vulnerability, UWA Research Collaboration Awards. $18,473
Honours and awards
2015 - Winner, Faculty of Science Publication Awards for Early Career Researchers

2014 UWA Student Guild Student's Choice Award
Awarded in recognition of UWA staff who demonstrate a strong commitment to excellence, learning and student engagement

2014 - Elizabeth Rutherford Memorial Award for Outstanding Postdoctoral Publication

Previous positions
2009-2011 Clinical Fellow. University of Sydney, Brain and Mind Research Institute.
Teaching
Unit coordinator:
2014 - Present: Psychological Research and Theory (4416)

Lecturing:
2014 - Present: Psychological Research and Theory (4416)
2011 - Present: Psychology Specialist Research Topics (3310)
2012 - 2013: Psychology Mind and Brain (1101)

PhD Supervision:
Owen Myles 2015 - Present
Alice Tobin 2015 - Present
Georgina Mann 2014 - Present
Bronwyn Milkins 2013 - Present
Nigel Chen - Completed 2014

Honours Supervision:
2015
Hanna Courtauld
Sonya Branson
Emma Gonzalez
Gemma Patton
Ethan Reed

2014
Owen Myles
Melissa Tan
Phoebe Berndt

2013
Kristiina Bedford
Georgina Mann

2012
Shenooka Nanthakumar
Lauren List
Bronwyn Milkins



Research profile
Research profile and publications
 

The University of Western Australia

This Page

Last updated:
Tuesday, 3 November, 2015 2:39 PM

http://www.web.uwa.edu.au/117768