Dr Patrick Clarke
Research Section (Psychology)
- Contact details
- Research Section (Psychology)
The University of Western Australia (M304)
35 Stirling Highway
CRAWLEY WA 6009
- +61 8 6488 7341
- +61 8 6488 1006
- BSc PhD W.Aust., MClinPsy Curtin
- 2016 - Present - Lecturer, School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Curtin University.
2016 - Present - Adjunct Lecturer, School of Psychology, University of Western Australia.
2014 - 2016 - Lecturer, Centre for the Advancement of Research on Emotion, School of Psychology, University of Western Australia
2011 - 2014 – Associate Lecturer, Centre for the Advancement of Research on Emotion, School of Psychology, University of Western Australia
2009-2011 – Clinical Coordinator, Social Cognition and Behavioural Treatment Clinic, Brain and Mind Research Institute, University of Sydney
2007-2009 – Department of Corrective Services: Community and Juvenile Justice Psychological Services
2009 - Doctor of Philosophy (Psychology), University of Western Australia
2007 - Master of Psychology (Clinical), Curtin University
2003 - Bachelor of Science (Psychology), University of Western Australia
- Key research
- My principal over-arching research interest lies in understanding the cognitive and neural processes underlying emotional pathology, and how a detailed knowledge of these processes may be harnessed to both predict and directly contribute to improvements in psychological well-being.
- My research has focused on a number of theoretical and applied questions regarding emotional vulnerability and in particular the cognitive processes that underlie the development and remediation of anxiety. Recently I have also sought to combine cognitive measures and neurostimulation technologies (transcranial direct current stimulation- tDCS - in particular) into translational research to address questions regarding the potential benefits of novel neurocognitive intervention approaches and the enhancement of cognitive training techniques which show therapeutic promise.
- One aspect of my research has sought to understanding how variation in the readiness to change unhelpful patterns of cognition (i.e. attentional vigilance for threat) can precede and predict either increases in anxiety over time in response to sustained stress, or decreases in anxiety in response to psychological intervention.
- Another major focus of my research has been examining how to modify patterns of biased information processing that are believed to contribute to anxiety and mood disorders. This includes the modification of attentional vigilance for threatening information, and the tendency to interpret ambiguous information in a more negative manner. My own research has focused on the mechanisms that promote change in these patterns of bias and how to target these biases in a way that is most likely to achieve therapeutic changes.
- Chen, N. T. M., Clarke, P. J. F., MacLeod, C., Hicke, I. B., & Guastella, A. J. (in press). Aberrant Gaze Patterns in Social Anxiety Disorder: An Eye Movement Assessment during Public Speaking. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology. http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.040313
Notebaert, L., Clarke, P. J. F., Gafton, B., & MacLeod, C. (2015). Validating a novel Attentional Bias Modification Task: The future may be in the cards. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 65, 93-100. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2014.12.007
Chen, N. T. M., Clarke, P. J. F., Watson, T. L., MacLeod, C., & Guastella, A. J. (2015). Attentional Bias Modification Facilitates Attentional Control Mechanisms: Evidence from Eye Tracking. Biological Psychology, 104, 139-146. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsycho.2014.12.002
MacLeod, C., & Clarke, P. J. F. (2015). The Attentional Bias Modification Approach to Anxiety Intervention. Clinical Psychological Science, 3(1), 58-78. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/2167702614560749
Chen, N. T. M., Thomas, L., Clarke, P. J. F., Hicke, I. B., & Guastella, A. J. (2015). Hyperscanning and Avoidance in Social Anxiety Disorder: The Visual Scanpath during Public Speaking. Psychiatry Research, 225, 667-672. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.psychres.2014.11.025
Clarke, P. J. F., Browning, M., Hammond, G., Notebaert, L., & MacLeod, C. (2014). The Causal Role of the Dorsolateral Prefrontal Cortex in the Modification of Attentional Bias: Evidence from Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation. Biological Psychiatry. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biopsych.2014.03.003.
Chen, N. T. M., Clarke, P. J. F., Watson, T. L., MacLeod, C., & Guastella, A. J. (2014). Biased Saccadic Responses to Emotional Stimuli in Anxiety: An Antisaccade Study. PLOS one. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0086474.
Clarke, P. J. F., Notebaert, L., & MacLeod, C. (2014) Absence of evidence or evidence of absence: Reflecting on therapeutic implementations of attentional bias modification. BMC Psychiatry, 14, 8. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/1471-244X-14-8.
Notebaert, L., Chrystal, J., Clarke, P. J. F., Holmes, E., & MacLeod, C. (2014). When we should worry more: Using cognitive bias modification to drive adaptive health behaviour. PLOS one, 9, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0085092.
Clarke, P. J. F., Hart, S., & MacLeod, C. (2014). Is selective attention in anxiety characterised by biased attentional engagement with or disengagement from threat: Evidence from a colour naming paradigm. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5127/jep.032912
Clarke, P. J. F., Nanthakumar, S., Notebaert, L., Holmes, E. A., Blackwell, S. E., & MacLeod, C. (2014). Simply imagining sunshine, lollipops and rainbows will not budge the bias: The role of ambiguity in interpretive bias modification. Cognitive Therapy and Research , 1-12. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10608-013-9564-x.
MacLeod, C., & Clarke, P. J. F. (2013). Cognitive Bias Modification: A New Frontier in Cognition and Emotion Research. In E. Watkins (Ed.), Handbook of Cognition and Emotion: Guilford.
Clarke, P. J. F. & MacLeod, C. (2013). The Impact of Anxiety on Cognitive Task Performance. In P. Arnett (Ed.), Secondary Influences on Neuropsychological Test Performance. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press.
Clarke, P. J. F., MacLeod, C., & Guastella, A. J. (2013). Assessing the Role of Spatial Engagement and Disengagement of Attention in Anxiety-Linked Attentional Bias: A Critique of Current Paradigms and Suggestions for Future Research Directions. Anxiety Stress and Coping, 26, 1-19. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/10615806.2011.638054.
Clarke, P. J. F., Chen, N. T. M., & Guastella, A. J. (2012). Prepared for the best: Readiness to modify attentional processing and reduction in anxiety vulnerability in response to therapy. Emotion, 12, 487-494. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/a0025592.
Clarke, P. J. F., Hicke, I. B., Scott, E. & Guastella, A. J. (2012). The clinical staging model applied to young people presenting with social anxiety. Early Intervention in Psychiatry, 6, 256-264. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-7893.2012.00364.x.
Chen, N. T. M., Clarke, P. J. F. MacLeod, C., & Guastella, A. J. (2012). Biased attentional processing of positive stimuli in Social Anxiety Disorder: An eye movement study. Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 41, 96-107. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/16506073.2012.666562.
Clarke, P. J. F., MacLeod, C., & Shirazee, N. (2008). Prepared for the worst: Readiness to acquire threat bias and susceptibility to elevate trait anxiety. Emotion, 8, 47-57. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/1528-35184.108.40.206.
MEDIA & INTERVIEWS
Clarke, P. J. F. (2015). Brain Stimulation to Treat Anxiety. Australasian Science, March, 1.
Clarke, P. J. F. (2014). Using targeted brain stimulation to change attention patterns for anxious individuals [Press release]. ScienceDaily, Elsevier. Retrieved March 8, 2015 from www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/12/141223084141.htm
Clarke, P. J. F. (2014). Brain stimulation may hold key to treating anxiety [Press release]: http://www.news.uwa.edu.au/201412157267/research/brain-stimulation-may-hold-key-treating-anxiety
Clarke, P. J. F. (2014). How we can build good habits. Interview conducted with Kristen Watts, for The West Australian, Health and Medicine. The West Australian. Retrieved from The West Australian website: http://health.thewest.com.au/news/1533/how-we-can-build-good-habits
Clarke, P. J. F., & Notebaert, L. (2013). Feeling anxious? There could soon be an app for that. The Conversation. Retrieved from The Conversation website: https://theconversation.com/feeling-anxious-there-could-soon-be-an-app-for-that-887.
- Funding received
- 2014 - Notebaert, L. (CIA), Clarke, P. J. F. (CIB), Van Bockstaele, B. (AI), Salemink, E. (AI). The relationship between cognitive bias modification and emotion regulation: The missing link, UWA Research Collaboration Awards. $15,000
2013 - Clarke, P. J. F. (CIA), Grafton, B. (CIB), Browning, M. (AI), & Holmes, E. & Notebaert, L. (AI). Cognitive and Neurological Approaches to Enhancing the Modification of Information Processing Biases in Emotional Vulnerability, UWA Research Collaboration Awards. $18,443
2012 - Clarke, P. J. F. (CIA), Grafton, B. (CIB), Browning, M. (AI), & Holmes, E. & MacLeod (AI). Identifying the Mechanisms of Attentional Change in Cognitive-Experimental and Pharmacological Interventions for Emotional Vulnerability, UWA Research Collaboration Awards. $18,473
- Honours and awards
- 2015 - Winner, Faculty of Science Publication Awards for Early Career Researchers
2014 UWA Student Guild Student's Choice Award
Awarded in recognition of UWA staff who demonstrate a strong commitment to excellence, learning and student engagement
2014 - Elizabeth Rutherford Memorial Award for Outstanding Postdoctoral Publication
- Previous positions
- 2009-2011 Clinical Fellow. University of Sydney, Brain and Mind Research Institute.
- Unit coordinator:
2014 - Present: Psychological Research and Theory (4416)
2014 - Present: Psychological Research and Theory (4416)
2011 - Present: Psychology Specialist Research Topics (3310)
2012 - 2013: Psychology Mind and Brain (1101)
Owen Myles 2015 - Present
Alice Tobin 2015 - Present
Georgina Mann 2014 - Present
Bronwyn Milkins 2013 - Present
Nigel Chen - Completed 2014
- Research profile
Research profile and publications