The University of Western Australia

UWA Staff Profile

Ipsum Lorem

Professor Sarah Dunlop

Head of School/Head of Experimental and Regenerative Neurosciences
Biological Sciences, School of

Contact details
School of Biological Sciences
The University of Western Australia (M092)
35 Stirling Highway
+61 8 6488 2237 / +61 8 6488 1403
+61 8 6488 1029 / +61 8 6488 7527
Personal homepage
BSc PhD Lond.
Full Length Peer-Reviewed Scientific Publications: 2011 - on


Harvey LA, Dunlop SA, Churilov L, (Hsueh, Y-S (A), Galea MP. (2011) Early intensive hand rehabilitation after spinal cord injury (“Hands On”): a protocol for a randomized controlled trial. BioMed Central Open Access. Trials. 12: 14-.

Seitz M, Grosheva M, Skouras E, Angelova SK, Ankerne J, Jungnickel J, Grothe C, Klimaschewski L, Hübbers CU, Dunlop SA, Angelov DN. (2011) Poor functional recovery and muscle polyinnervation after facial nerve injury in fibroblast growth factor-2-/- mice can be improved by manual stimulation of denervated vibrissal muscles. Neuroscience182: 241-247.

Ho D, Fitzgerald M, Bartlett C, Zdyrko B, Luzinov IA, Dunlop SA,* and K. Swaminathan Iyer*. (2011). The Effects of Concentration-Dependent Morphology of Self-assembling RADA16 Nanoscaffolds on Mixed Retinal Cultures. Nanoscale 3: 907-910.

Payne SC, Bartlett, CA, Harvey AR, Dunlop SA, Fitzgerald M. (2011). Chronic swelling and abnormal myelination during secondary degeneration, following partial injury to a central nervous system tract. J. Neurotrauma. 8: 1077-1088.

Bendella H, Pavlov, SP. Grosheva M, Maier S, AIrintchev A, Skouras E, Angelova SK, Merkel D, Sinis N, Kaidoglou K, Dunlop SA, Angelov DN (2011). Non-invasive stimulation of the vibrissal pad improves recovery of whisking function after simultaneous lesion of the facial and trigeminal nerves in rats. Experimental Brain Res 212: 65-79.

Clemons TD, Evans CW, Zdyrko B, Luzinov I, Fitzgerald M, Dunlop SA, Harvey AR, Swaminathan Iyer K, * Stubbs KA* Multifunctional nanoadditives for the thermodynamic and kinetic stabilization of enzymes. Nanoscale 3: 4085-4087.

Evans CW, Fitzgerald M, Clemons TD, House, MJ, Padman BS, Shaw JA, Saunders M, Harvey AR, Zdyrko B, Luzinov I. Silva GA, Dunlop SA, Iyer, KS. (2011) Multimodal Analysis of PEI-Mediated Endocytosis of Nanoparticles in Neural Cells" ACS Nano 5: 8640-8648.

Roberton T, Romola S. Bucks, Timothy C. Skinner, Gary T. Allison, and Sarah A. Dunlop (2011). Barriers to Physical Activity in Individuals with Spinal Cord Injury: A West Australian Study. Australian Journal of Rehabilitation Counselling 17: 74-88.


Wells J, Kilburn M, Shaw J, Bartlett C, Harvey A, Dunlop S, Fitzgerald. (2012) Early in vivo changes in calcium ions, oxidative stress markers and ion channel immunoreactivity following partial injury to the optic nerve. J Neuroscience Research 90: 606-618.

Chai J, Vukovic J, Dunlop S, Grounds M, Shavlakadze T (2012) Striking denervation of neuromuscular junctions, without lumbar motoneuron loss, in geriatric mouse muscle. PloSONE 16: 12 e28090.

Hizay A, Ozsoy U, Demirel BD, Ozsoy O, Angelova S, Ankerne J, Sarikcioglu SB, Dunlop SA, Angelov DN, Sarikcioglu L (2012) Use of a Y-Tube-Conduit Following Facial Nerve Injury Reduces Collateral Axonal Branching at the Lesion Site but Neither Reduces Polyinnervation of Motor Endplates nor Improves Functional Recovery. Neurosurgery 70: 1544-1556.

Rodger J, Christina Mo, Tenelle Wilks, Sarah A Dunlop, Rachel M Sherrard (2012) Transcranial pulsed magnetic field stimulation facilitates reorganisation of abnormal neural circuits and corrects behavioural deficits without disrupting normal connectivity. FASEB 26:1593-1606.

Harrison J, Bartlett CA, Cowin G, Nicholls PK, Evans CW, Clemons TD, Zdyrko B, Luzinov IA, Harvey AR, Swaminathan Iyer K, Dunlop SA, Fitzgerald M. In vivo Imaging and Biodistribution of Multimodal Polymeric Nanoparticles delivered to the Optic Nerve. Small DOI: 10.1002/Smll.20110264

Morellini N, Fear MW, Rea S, West AK, Wood FM, Dunlop SA. Burn injury has a systemic effect on reinnervation of skin and restoration of nociceptive function. Wound Repair and Regeneration. 20:367-377.

Evans CW, Latter MJ, Ho D, Clemons TD, Fitzgerald M, Dunlop SA*, Swaminathan
Iyer K* (2012) Multimodal and Multifunctional Stealth Block Copolymer Nanoparticles for Sustained Drug Delivery. New Journal of Chemistry 10.1039/c2nj40016b.

Bates KA, Clark VW, Meloni BP, Dunlop SA, Rodger J. (2012) Short-term low intensity PMF does not improve functional or histological outcomes in a rat model of transient focal cerebral ischemia. Brain Research 1485:76-85.

Ozsoy O, Ozsoy U, Stein G, Semler O, Skouras E, Schempf G, Wellmann K, Wirth F, Angelova S, Ankerne J, Ashrafi M, Schönau E, Papamitsou-Sidoropolou T, Jaminet P, Irintchev A, Dunlop SA#, Angelov DN# (Share equal last authorship). Functional deficits and morphological changes in the neurogenic bladder match the severity of spinal cord compression. Restorative Neurology and Neuroscience 30:363-381.

Martin AD, Houlihan E, Morellini N, Eggers PK, James E, Stubbs KA, Harvey AR, Fitzgerald M, Raston CL, Dunlop SA. (2012) Synthesis and Toxicology of p-Phosphonic acid calixarenes and O-Alkylated Analogues as Potential Calixarene-based Phospholipids. ChemPlusChem, 2012 vol.77(4), 308-313.

Payne SC, Bartlett CA, Harvey AR, Dunlop SA, Fitzgerald M. Myelin sheath decompaction, axon swelling and functional loss during chronic secondary degeneration in rat optic nerve. IOVS 53:6093-6101.

Farid WO, Lawrence AJ, Krstew EV, Tait RJ, Hulse GK, Dunlop SA. (2012). Maternally administered sustained-release naltrexone in rats affects offspring neurochemistry and behaviour in adulthood. PLOS ONE 7: 12 e52812.


Wirth F, Schempf G, Stein G, Wellmann K, Manthou M, Scholl C, Sidorenko M, Semler O, Eisel L, Harrach R, Angelova S, Jaminet P, Ankerne J, Ashrafi M, Ozsoy
O, Ozsoy U, Schubert H, Abdulla D, Dunlop SA, Angelov DN, Irintchev A, Schönau E. (2013) Whole-body vibration improves functional recovery in spinal cord-injured rats. J Neurotrauma 30(6):453-68. PMID: 23157611

Szymanski CR*, Chiha W*, Morellini N*, Cummins N, Bartlett CA, Savigni DL, Payne SC, Harvey AR, Dunlop SA, Fitzgerald M (2013). Treating secondary degeneration with 670nm light: reduced oligodendrocyte reactive oxygen species and paranode lengthening, with preservation of visual function. PLoS ONE 8(6): e66448. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0066448 PMID: 23840470

Clemons TD, Fitzgerald M, Dunlop SA, Harvey AR, Swaminathan-Iyer K and Stubbs KA (2013). An improved methodology for the spectrophotometric determination of chondroitinase ABC activity. New Journal of Chemistry, 37, 1944-1949.

Payne SC, Bartlett CA, Savigni D, Harvey AR, Dunlop SA, Fitzgerald L. (2013). Early proliferation does not prevent the loss of oligodendrocyte progenitor cells during the chronic phase of secondary degeneration in a CNS white matter tract. PLoS ONE 8(6): e65710. Doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0065710 PMID: 23776532

Kwon BK, Soril LJ, Bacon M, Beattie MS, Blesch A, Bresnahan JC, Bunge MB, Dunlop SA, Fehlings MG, Ferguson AR, Hill C, Karimi-Abdolrezaee S, Lu P, McDonald JW, Müller HW, Oudega M, Rosenzweig ES, Reier PJ, Sykova E, Xu X-M, Guest JD and Tetzlaf W (2013). Demonstrating Efficacy in Preclinical Studies of Cellular Therapies for Spinal Cord Injury - How Much is Enough? Experimental Neurology 2013 May 29; 248:30-44. doi: 10.1016/j.expneurol.2013.05.012. PMID: 23727091

Cummins N, Bartlett CA, Archer M, Bartlett E, Hemmi JM, Harvey AR, Dunlop SA, Fitzgerald M. 670nm irradiation limits changes to mitochondrial ultrastructure in optic nerve vulnerable to secondary degeneration in vivo. BMC Neurosci. 2013 Sep 8;14(1):98. doi: 10.1186/1471-2202-14-98 PMID: 24011177

Challenor M, Gong P, Lorenser D, Fitzgerald M, Dunlop SA, Sampson DD, Swaminathan-Iyer K. Iron Oxide-Induced Thermal Effects on Solid State Upconversion Emission in NaYF4:Yb3+,Er3+ Nanocrystals. ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces 5:7875-7880.

James E, Eggers PK, Harvey AR, Dunlop SA, Fitzgerald M, Stubbs KA and Raston CL (2013). Antioxidant phospholipid calix[4]arene mimics as micellular delivery systems. Organic and Biomolecular Chemistry 11(36):6108-6012. PMID: 23921718

Galea MP, Dunlop SA, Davis GM, Nunn A, Geraghty T, Hsueh YS, Churilov L (2013). Intensive exercise program after spinal cord injury ("Full-On"): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials. 2013 Sep 11;14(1):291. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-14-291. PMID: 24025260


Lozić I, Bartlett CA, Shaw JA, Swaminathan-Iyer K, Dunlop SA, Kilburn MR and Fitzgerald M (2014). Direct quantification of Ca microdomain dynamics in specific cell types of white matter vulnerable to secondary degeneration, using NanoSIMS. Metallomics. 6(3):455–464. PMID: 24425149

Fletcher LN, Coimbra JP, Rodger J, Potter IC, Gill HS, Dunlop SA, Collin SP (2014). Classification of retinal ganglion cells in the southern hemisphere lamprey Geotria australis (Cyclostomata). Journal of Comparative Neurology Jul 29. 522(4):750-771. PMID: 23897624

Ozsoy U, Demirel BM, Hizay A, Ozsoy O, Ankerne J, Angelova S, Sarikcioglu L, Ucar Y, Turhan M, Dunlop SA, Angelov DN. Manual stimulation of the whisker pad after hypoglossal-facial anastomosis (HFA) using a Y tube conduit does not improve recovery of whisking function. Experimental Brain Research 232(6):2021-33. doi: 10.1007/s00221-014-3892-2. PMID: 24623354

Needhamsen M, White RB, Giles, KM, Dunlop SA and Thomas MG (2014) Regulation of human PAX6 expression by miR-7. Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online. 14;10:107-13. doi: 10.4137/EBO.S13739. eCollection 2014. PMID: 25089088 [PubMed]

Vipul Agarwal, Edwin S. Tjandra, K. Swaminathan Iyer, Barry Humfrey, Mark Fear, Fiona M. Wood, Sarah Dunlop and Colin L. Raston. Evaluating the effects of nacre on human skin and scar cells in culture. Toxicology Research 24 2014,3, 223-227 DOI: 10.1039/C4TX00004H

Michael Challenor, Peijun Gong, Dirk Lorenser, Michael J. House, Robert C. Woodward, Timothy St. Pierre, Melinda Fitzgerald, Sarah Dunlop, David D. Sampson, K. Swaminathan Iyer (2014) Multifunctional Magnetic Photon-Upconverting Polymeric Nanoparticles for NIR Fluorescence Microscopy and MRI Contrast. Dalton Transactions (Accepted August 5th 2014).

Marcus K. Giacci, Lachlan Wheeler, Sarah Lovett, Emma Dishington, Bernadette Majda, Carole A. Bartlett, Emma Thornton, Elizabeth Harford-Wright, Anna Leonard, Robert Vink, Alan R. Harvey, Jan Provis, Sarah A. Dunlop, *Nathan S. Hart, *Stuart Hodgetts, *Riccardo Natoli, *Corinna Van Den Heuvel, Melinda Fitzgerald (2014) Differential effects of 670 and 830nm red near infrared irradiation therapy: a comparative study of optic nerve injury, retinal degeneration, traumatic brain and spinal cord injury. PLoS One. 2014 Aug 8;9(8):e104565. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0104565. eCollection 2014. PMID: 25105800


Grehl S, Viola H, Fuller-Carter PI, Carter KW, Dunlop SA, Hool L, Sherrard RM, Rodger J. Cellular and molecular changes to cortical neurons following low intensity repetitive magnetic stimulation at different frequencies Brain Stimulation 2015 Jan-Feb;8(1):114-23. doi: 10.1016/j.brs.2014.09.012.

Galea MP, Dunlop SA, Marshall R, Clark J, Churilov L (2015). Early Exercise after Spinal Cord Injury (“Switch-On”): Study protocol for a randomised controlled trial. BioMed Central Open Access. Trials 2015 Jan 7;16:7. doi: 10.1186/1745-6215-16-7. PMID: 25563584

Challenor M, Doig R, Fuller P, Giacci M, Bartlett C, Wale CH, Cozens GS, Hool L,, Dunlop S, Swaminathan Iyer K, Rodger J, Fitzgerald M. (2015). Prolonged glutamate excitotoxicity increases GluR1 immunoreactivity but decreases mRNA of GluR1 and associated regulatory proteins in dissociated rat retinae in vitro. Biochemie. May;112:160-71. doi: 10.1016/j.biochi.2015.03.008. Epub 2015 Mar 17. PMID: 25792422

Bragge P, Brown D, Creasey G, Dunlop S, Middleton J, Piccenna L, Williams S, Gruen R. (2015). Developing a Spinal Cord Injury Research Strategy using a structured process of evidence review and stakeholder dialogue. Part I: Rapid review of SCI prioritisation literature. Spinal Cord 53:714-720. doi:10.1038/sc.2015.85; published online 23 June 2015

Bragge P, Piccenna L, Middleton J, Williams S, Creasey G, Dunlop S, Brown D, Gruen R. (2015). Developing a Spinal Cord Injury Research Strategy using a structured process of evidence review and stakeholder dialogue. Spinal Cord Part II: Background to a Research Strategy. Spinal Cord 53:721-728. doi:10.1038/sc.2015.86; published online 23 June 2015

Middleton J, Piccenna L, Gruen RL, Williams S, Creasey G, Dunlop SA, Brown D, Batchelor PE, Berlowitz D, Coates S, Dunn J. Furness JP, Galea MP, Geraghty T, Kwon BK, Urquhart S, Yates D, Bragge P. (2015). Developing a Spinal Cord Injury Research Strategy using a structured process of evidence review and stakeholder dialogue. Part III: Outcomes. Spinal Cord 53:729-737.

Schwarz A, Pick C, Harrach R, Stein G, Bendella H, Ozsoy O, Ozsoy U, Shoenenau E, Jaminet P, Sarikcioglu L, Dunlop S, Angelov DN. (2015). Reactions of the rat musculoskeletal system to compressive spinal cord injury (SCI) and whole bodyvibration (WBV) therapy. J Muskuloskeletal and Neuronal Interactions 15(2): 123-136. PMID:26032204

Battistuzzo CR, Armstrong A, Clark J, Worley L, Sharwood L, Lin P, Rooke G, Skeers P, Nolan S, Geragthy T, Geddes T, Middleton J, Bernard S, Atresh S, Patel A, Schouten R, Freeman BJC, Dunlop SA, Batchelor PE, on behalf of the ICED investigators (2016). Early decompression following cervical spinal cord injury: Examining the process of care from accident scene to surgery in Australia and New Zealand. Journal of Neurotrauma. 33:1161-1169. doi: 10.1089/neu.2015.4207. PMID: 26650510

Lozić I, Hartz RV, Bartlett CA, Shaw JA, Archer M, Naidu, P.S.R, Smith NM, Dunlop SA, Swaminathan Iyer K, Kilburn MR, Fitzgerald M (2016). Enabling dual cellular destinations of polymeric nanoparticles for treatment following partial Injury to the central nervous system. Biomaterials. 74:200-16. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2015.10.001.PMID: 26461115

de Oliveira BIR, Howie EK, Dunlop SA, Galea MP, McManus A, Allison GT. (2016) SCIPA Com Part 1: Outcomes from the Spinal Cord Injury and Physical Activity in the Community intervention. Spinal Cord. 54: 855- 860. doi: 10.1038/sc.2015.235. PMID: 26782840

Lozic I, Hartz R, Bartlett C, Shaw J, Archer M, Naidu P, Smith N, Dunlop SA, Swaminathan Iyer K, Kilburn M, Fitzgerald M. (2016) Characterisation of Polymeric Nanoparticles for Treatment of Partial Injury to the Central Nervous System. Data in Brief 7:152-156.

Harvey LA, Dunlop SA, Churolv L, Galea MP. (2016) Early intensive hand rehabilitation is not more effective than usual care in people with sub-acute spinal cord injury (“Hands On”): a randomised trial. Journal of Physiotherapy Apr;62(2):88-95. doi: 10.1016/j.jphys.2016.02.013. PMID: 27008910

Smith NM, Gachulincova I, Ho D, Bailey C, Bartlett CA, Norret M, Murphy J, Buckley A, Rigby PJ, House MJ, St. Pierre T, Fitzgerald M, Swaminathan Iyer K, Dunlop SA. (2016) Unexpected transient breakdown of the blood brain barrier triggers passage of large intravenously administered nanoparticles. Scientific Reports Sci. Rep. 6, 22595; doi: 10.1038/srep22595

Battistuzzo, CR, Smith K, Skeers P, Armstrong A, Clark J, Laurenson J, Cox S, Bernard S, Freeman BJC, Dunlop SA, Batchelor PE. (2016). Early rapid neurological assessment for acute spinal cord injury trials. J Neurotrauma. 2016 Nov 1;33(21):1936-1945. PMID: 27091217

Smith, NM, Ho D, Munshi A, House MJ, Dunlop SA, Fitzgerald L, Swaminathan Iyer K. (2016) Poly(glycidyl methacrylate) Coated Dual Mode Upconverting Nanoparticles For Neuronal Cell Imaging. New Journal of Chemistry, 2016, 40, 6692 – 6696 DOI: 10.1039/C5NJ03368C

Clemons, Tristan; Challenor, Michael; Fitzgerald, Melinda; Dunlop, Sarah; Smith, Nicole; Iyer, K. Manipulating cellular interactions of poly(glycidyl methacrylate) nanoparticles using mixed polymer brushes. ACS Macro Letters (published online September 23, 2016).

Ryan L. O’Hare Doig, Carole A. Bartlett, Nicole M. Smith, Stuart I. Hodgetts, Sarah A. Dunlop, Livia Hool, Melinda Fitzgerald. Specific combinations of Ca2+ channel inhibitors reduce excessive Ca2+ influx as a consequence of oxidative stress and increase neuronal and glial cell viability in vitro. Neuroscience. Neuroscience. 2016 Dec 17;339:450-462. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroscience.2016.10.005. PMID: 27725216

Armstrong AJ, Clark JM, Ho DT, Payne CJ, Marshall R, Galea MP, Dunlop SA. (2016) Achieving assessor accuracy on the International Standards for Neurological Classification of Spinal Cord Injury (Spinal cord, under review 31 Jan 2016)

Recent Invited Reviews
Dunlop SA. (2008). Activity-dependent plasticity: Implications for recovery from spinal cord injury. Trends Neurosci. 31:410-418 [IF= 14.475]

Farid WO, Dunlop SA, Tait RJ, Hulse GK. (2008) The effects of maternally administered methadone, buprenorphine and naltrexone on offspring: review of human and animal data. Current Neuropharmacology 6:125-150.

Sinis N, Manoli T, Werdin F, Kraus A, Schaller HE, Guntinas-Lichius O, Grosheva M, Irintchev A, Skouras E, Dunlop S, Angelov DN. (2009) Manual stimulation of target muscles has different impact on functional recovery after injury of pure motor or mixed nerves. Int Rev Neurobiol: 87:417-32.

Fitzgerald M, Hodgetts S, Van Den Heuvel C, Natoli R, Hart NS, Valter K, Harvey AR, Vink R, Provis J, Dunlop SA. (2013) Red/near-infrared irradiation therapy for treatment of central nervous system injuries and disorders. Reviews in the Neurosciences 2013;24(2):205-26. doi: 10.1515/revneuro-2012-0086. Review. PMID: 23492552

Recent Book Chapters
Dunlop SA. (2007). Functional aspects of optic nerve regeneration in non-mammalian vertebrates. In: Model Organisms in Spinal Cord Regeneration. Catherina G Becker and Thomas Becker (eds) Wiley-VCH, Weinheim. Pp 323-354.

Rodger J, Dunlop SA. (2015). Central nerve regeneration in reptiles. In: Kwok-Fai So and Xiao-Ming Xu, eds. Neural Regeneration. Elsevier, Science Press, Beijing, Academic Press. Chapter 3, pp. 43-56. (ISBN 9780128017326)

Dunlop, SA, Galea, MP. (2015). Spinal cord injury: Exercise and clinical trials. In: Kwok-Fai So and Xiao-Ming Xu, eds. Neural Regeneration. Elsevier, Science Press, Beijing, Academic Press. Chapter 24, pp. 369-382. (ISBN 9780128017326)
Research profile
Research profile and publications

The University of Western Australia

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Last updated:
Tuesday, 3 November, 2015 2:39 PM