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Lies Notebaert

Dr Lies Notebaert

Advancement of Research on Emotion, Centre for the

Contact details
Centre for the Advancement of Research on Emotion
The University of Western Australia (M304)
35 Stirling Highway
+61 8 6488 8080
+61 8 6488 1006

Research Fellow
Academic Staff (Psychological Science)

Contact details
Academic Staff (Psychological Science)
The University of Western Australia (M304)
35 Stirling Highway
+61 8 6488 8080
+61 8 6488 1006
I obtained my PhD in Psychology in 2010 at Ghent University, Belgium, in the department of Experimental-Clinical and Health Psychology. My PhD research was embedded in a broader research program investigating how cognitive processes (i.e., attention, interpretation, memory) contribute to emotional dysfunction, with my specific area of focus being in the allocation of attention to threatening information. My PhD research led me to pursue research with the Bushfire CRC, based at UWA, where I investigated the potentially adaptive role of cognitive processes operating in situations where individuals are exposed to genuine danger (bushfire threat). Since the conclusion of the Bushfire CRC project, the research I conduct at the Centre for the Advancement of Research on Emotion in the School of Psychology at UWA represent the union of the two lines of research I pursued previously. Specifically, my research centers on the alignment between cognitive and emotional processes, and contextual demands. I specialize in examining individual differences in the flexibility of adjusting cognitive and emotional processes to varying contextual demands. This alignment between cognition, emotion, and context is crucial to many areas of Psychology including clinical psychology and health psychology, as adaptive functioning requires proper alignment between these processes, and improper alignment can lead to maladaptive emotional and behavioral functioning.
Basanovic, J., Notebaert, L., Grafton, B., Hirsch, C.R., Clarke, P.J.F. Attentional control predicts change in bias in response to attentional bias modification. Behaviour Research and Therapy

Grafton, B., MacLeod, C., Rudaizky, D., Holmes, E.A., Salemink, E., Fox, E., & Notebaert, L. (in press). Confusing procedures with process when appraising the impact of cognitive bias modification (CBM) on emotional vulnerability: A response to Cristea et al. (2015). British Journal of Psychology

Chen, N. T. M., Basanovic, J., Notebaert, L., MacLeod, C., Clarke, P. J. F. (2017). Attentional bias mediates the effect of neurostimulation on emotional vulnerability. Journal of Psychiatric Research, 93, 12-17.

Courtauld, H., Notebaert, L., Milkins, B., Kyle, S. D., & Clarke, P. J. F., (2017). Individuals with Clinically Significant Insomnia Symptoms are characterised by a Negative Sleep-Related Expectancy Bias: Results from a Cognitive-Experimental Assessment. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 95, 71-78.

Fang, L., Hoorelbeke, K., Bruyneel, L., Notebaert, L., MacLeod, C., De Raedt, R., Koster, E.H.W. (2017). Can training change attentional breadth? Failure to find transfer effects. Psychological Research.

Clarke, P.J.F., Branson, S., Salemink, E., Van Bockstaele, B., Chen, N.T.M., MacLeod, C. & Notebaert, L. (2017). Attention bias modification training under working memory load increases the magnitude of change in attentional bias. Journal of Behavior Therapy and Experimental Psychiatry, 57, 25-31.

Valenas, S.P., Szentagotai-Tatar, A., Grafton, B., Notebaert, L., Miu, A.C., MacLeod, C. (2017). Prediction of pre-exam state anxiety from ruminative disposition: The mediating role of impaired attentional disengagement from negative information. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 91, 102-110.

Notebaert, L., Tilbrook, M., Clarke, P.J.F., & MacLeod, C. (in press). When a bad bias can be good: Does anxiety-linked attentional bias to threat differ as a function of danger controllability? Clinical Psychological Science

Dodd, H., Vogt, J., TurkileriInseloz, N., & Notebaert, L. (2017). Task relevance of emotional information affects anxiety-linked attention bias in visual search. Biological Psychology, 122, 13-20.

Notebaert, L., Clarke, P.J.F., & MacLeod, C. (2016). Does attentional bias to threat ameliorate or exacerbate the detrimental effect of trait anxiety on behavioural preparedness for real-world danger? Australian Journal of Psychology, 68(3), 166-177.

Large, B., Clarke, P.J.F., MacLeod, C., & Notebaert, L. (2016). It’s all about control: Memory bias in anxiety is restricted to threat cues that signal controllable danger. Journal of Experimental Psychopathology, 7(2), 190-204.

Milkins, B.C., Notebaert, L., MacLeod, C., & Clarke, P.J.F. (2016). The potential benefits of targeted attentional bias modification on worry and sleep in insomnia. Clinical Psychological Science, 4(6).

Clarke, P. J. F., Bedford, K., Notebaert, L., Bucks, R., Rudaizky, D., Milkins, B., & MacLeod, C. (2016). Assessing the therapeutic potential of targeted attentional bias modification for insomnia using smartphone delivery. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 85, 187-189.

Notebaert, L., Masschelein, S., Wright, B., & MacLeod, C. (2016). To risk or not to risk: Anxiety and the calibration between risk perception and danger mitigation. Journal of Experimental Psychology, Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 42(6), 985-995.

Notebaert, L., Austin, H., de Jong, P.J., Kemps, E., MacLeod, C., & Wiers, R. (2016). The Interplay between Emotion and Biased Cognitive Processing in Problematic Consumption. In R. Menzies, M. Kyrios, N. Kazantzis (Eds.) Innovations and Future Directions in the Behavioural and Cognitive Therapies. Brisbane: Australian Academic Press

Notebaert, L., Clarke, P.J.F., Grafton, B., & MacLeod, C. (2015). Validation of a novel Attentional Bias Modification Task: The future may be in the cards. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 65, ¬93-100.

Clarke, P.J.F., Browning, M., Hammond, G., Notebaert, L., & MacLeod, C. (2014). The causal role of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex in the modification of attentional bias: Evidence from transcranial direct current stimulation. Biological Psychiatry, 76(12), 946-952.

Clarke, P.J.F., Notebaert, L., & MacLeod, C. (2014) Absence of evidence or evidence of absence: Reflecting on therapeutic implementations of attention bias modification. BMC Psychiatry, 14, 8.

Notebaert L., Chrystal J., Clarke P.J.F., Holmes E.A., & MacLeod C. (2014) When we should worry more: Using cognitive bias modification to drive adaptive health behaviour. PLoS ONE 9(1): e85092.

Clarke, P.J.F., Nanthakumar, S., Notebaert, L., Holmes, E., Blackwell, S., & MacLeod, C. (2014). Simply imagining sunshine, lollipops and rainbows will not budge the bias: The role of ambiguity in interpretive bias modification. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 38(2), 120-131.

Notebaert, L., Crombez, G., Van Damme, S., Durnez, W., & Theeuwes, J. (2013). Attentional prioritization of threatening information: examining the role of the size of the attentional window. Cognition and Emotion, 4, 621-631.

Vervoort, T., Caes, L., Trost, Z., Notebaert, L., Goubert, L. (2012). Parent attention to their child’s pain is modulated by threat-value of pain. Health Psychology, 31, 623-631.

Notebaert, L., Crombez, G., Vogt, J., Van Damme, S., & Theeuwes, J. (2011). Attempts to control pain prioritize attention towards signals of pain: An experimental study. Pain, 152, 1068-1073.

Notebaert, L., Crombez, G., Van Damme, S., De Houwer, J., & Theeuwes, J. (2011). Signals of threat do not capture, but prioritize attention: a classical conditioning approach. Emotion, 11, 81-89.

Notebaert, L., Crombez, G., Van Damme, S., De Houwer, J., & Theeuwes, J. (2010). Looking out for danger: An attentional bias towards spatially predictable threatening stimuli. Behaviour research and therapy, 48, 1150-1154.

Hartsuiker, R.J. & Notebaert, L. (2010). Lexical access problems lead to disfluencies in speech. Experimental Psychology, 57, 169-177.

Van Damme, S., Crombez, G., & Notebaert, L. (2008). Attentional bias to threat: A perceptual accuracy approach. Emotion, 8, 820-827.

Notebaert, L., Demanet, J., Dhont, K., Pattyn, S., & Vandierendonck, A. (2007). Pixelating familiar people in the media: Should masking be taken at face value? Psychologica Belgica, 47, 261-276.*
Funding received
2017: Notebaert L. (PCI), Hirsch C. (CI). The attentional basis of individual differences in clinical versus non-clinical worry. UWA Research Collaboration Award. $21,140

2014: Notebaert L. (PCI), Clarke P. (CI), Van Bockstaele B. (CI), Wiers R. (CI), Salemink E. (CI). The relationship between cognitive bias modification and emotion regulation: The missing link. UWA Research Collaboration Award. $15,000

2014: MacLeod C., Notebaert L., Bell J., Clarke P., Grafton B., Badcock D., Maybery M., Fay N., Visser T. UWA Faculty of Science Small Equipment Fund. $22,055

2012: Notebaert L. (PCI), McNally R. (AI), Koster E. (AI), Rudaizky D. (AI), Enock, P. (AI), Onraedt T. (AI). Resilience building at hand: Increasing adaptive functioning through smartphone delivery of positive cognitive bias modification. UWA Research Collaboration Award. $3,000

2012: Clarke P. (CI), Grafton B. (AI), Browning M. (AI), Holmes E. (AI), Notebaert L. (AI). Cognitive and Neurological Approaches to Enhancing the Modification of Information Processing Biases in Emotional Vulnerability. UWA Research Collaboration Award. $18,473

2012: Bushfire CRC International Travel Support: $2,000

2011: Notebaert L. (CI), Koster E. (AI), MacLeod C. (AI). Facilitating Stress Resilience and Adaptive Behaviour Through Attentional Training. UWA Research Collaboration Award. $10,000

2011: Notebaert L. (CI), McNeill I. (AI). How Individual Differences in Selective Attentional Processing of Melanoma Related Information Contribute to Adaptive Prevention and Early Detection Behaviour. UWA Research Development Award. $12,950
Honours and awards
2016: Elizabeth Rutherford Memorial Award for best publication of the year.

2016: UWA Faculty of Science Publication Award for Early Career Researchers (2015)

2014: Elizabeth Rutherford Memorial Award for outstanding early career publication.

2014: UWA Faculty of Science Publication Award for Early Career Researchers (2013)
Previous positions
09/2010 - 04/2010: Post-doctoral researcher at the Department of Experimental-Clinical and Health Psychology, Ghent University, Belgium
Unit coordination:
2016 – present:UWA PSYC4416: Psychological Research and Theory
2014 – 2015: UWA PSYC1101: Psychology: Mind & Brain

2016 – present:UWA PSYC4416: Psychological Research and Theory
2013 – present:UWA PSYC1101: Mind & Brain
2012 – 2015: UWA PSYC3310: Specialized research topic: Cognition, Emotion and the role of information processing biases
2011: Ghent University H000893: Questions on cognition-related processes in health psychology

PhD supervision:

Jessie Georgiades (2017-present). The attentional basis of individual differences in the tendency to experience productive versus unproductive worry.
Matthew Herbert (2016-present). The attentional underpinnings of functional and dysfunctional anxiety.
Henry Austin (2015-present). Biased processing of emotional information, alcohol-related information, or both? Investigating the cognitive mechanisms underpinning drinking in response to valenced information.
Kar Fye Alvin Lee (2015-present). Overactive performance monitoring: A neurocognitive endophenotype for OCD?
Georgina Mann (2014-present). The effects of attentional bias and attentional control on anticipatory and perseverative anxiety.
Ines Pandzic (2013-present). Attentional bias to threat and cognitive intrusions following an acute negative event.
Stephanie Stevens (201-present). Targeted delivery of brief CBM to produce a transient reduction in state anxiety which provides enduring benefits.
Useful links
ResearchGate profile:
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Last updated:
Tuesday, 3 November, 2015 2:39 PM